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Volcano Eruption in Papua New Guinea
 
 


 
bacobjee

Published on Sep 5, 2014

The eruption of Mount Tavurvur volcano on August 29th, 2014. Captured by Phil McNamara.


tx onyx

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Indonesia’s Mount Lokon volcano erupts

September 13, 2014

 

 

 

"Mount Lokon volcano on Indonesia’s Sulawesi island erupted three times on Saturday, spewing ash 500 metres into the air, an official said.

There were no casualties or damage from the eruptions and residents went about their activities as usual, said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, a spokesman for the National Disaster Management Agency.

Ash from the 1,578-metre volcano affected nearby towns, including Manado, the capital of North Sulawesi province, he said."

http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/indonesias-mount-lokon-volcano-erupts/article6408050.ece

 

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'Restive' Mayon Volcano put on alert level 3

September 15, 2014

 

Alert Level 3 indicates that the volcano is exhibiting 'relatively high unrest' with a possibility of an eruption within weeks

 

20140818-mayon-volcano-01.jpg

Mayon volcano file photo from Eleazar Cuela

 

 

"MANILA, Philippines – Mayon Volcano in the province of Albay was placed on "Alert Level 3" on Monday evening, September 15, after showing signs of "relatively high unrest," the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) said.

In a bulletin issued at 10:00 pm, PHIVOLCS observed 39 rockfall events from 5:00 am to 8:00 pm on September 15, symptoms of the build-up of magma at the summit dome. At least 32 low frequency volcanic earthquakes were also recorded, indicating magma intrusion or volcanic gas activity.

PHIVOLCS-DOST raised the alert status of Mayon Volcano from Alert Level 2 to Alert Level 3 which is equivalent to a "Critical Alert" in the agency's 5-level alert system. This means that the volcano is exhibiting relatively high unrest, magma is at the crater, and that an eruption is possible within weeks."

snip

http://www.rappler.com/nation/69202-mayon-volcano-alert-level-3

 

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They have been watching Washington State's Mt.Rainier since the 1960's
 
Mount-Rainier-home.jpg
Location: Washington, Pierce County
Latitude: 46.853° N
Longitude: 121.76° W
Elevation: 4,392 (m) 14,410 (f)
Volcano type: Stratovolcano
Composition: andesite, dacite
Most recent eruption: ∼1,000 years ago
Nearby towns: Orting, Seattle, Tacoma, Yakima
Alert Level: Normal
Threat Potential: High *

http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/mount_rainier/
 
 
Volcanic: Mount Rainier 09/24/2014(UTC)
Spectrogram
rainier_20140924-0030_thumb.png
 
Mount Rainier Volcano is a Ticking Time Bomb
 
 


 
The Destruction ZonePublished on Jan 12, 2014

Mount Rainier is a ticking time bomb that could dwarf the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, sending massive lahars and mudslides toward the Seattle-Tacoma metropolitan area.

The most recent recorded volcanic eruption was between 1820 and 1854, but many eyewitnesses reported eruptive activity in 1858, 1870, 1879, 1882 and 1894 as well.

snip     for information only and because that spectrograph looks like it's murmuring now
tx Reddwolf

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Volcano Erupts in Japan; 7 Missing, 40 Injured

 

A volcano in central Japan erupted in spectacular fashion on Saturday, catching mountain climbers by surprise and injuring at least 40 people who were stranded in areas that rescue workers have been unable to reach. Another seven people were missing.

 

The injured were in mountain lodges, because they were unable to descend 3,067-meter (10,062-foot) Mount Ontake on their own, said Sohei Hanamura, a crisis management official in Nagano prefecture. Thirty-two people had serious injuries, including at least seven who lost consciousness.

 

http://news.yahoo.com/volcano-erupts-japan-injuries-reported-053344700.html;_ylt=A0LEVvadtiZU414AF4kPxQt.;_ylu=X3oDMTBybnV2cXQwBHNlYwNzcgRwb3MDMgRjb2xvA2JmMQR2dGlkAw--

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KTB8D_GboI

post-12-0-15537700-1411824789_thumb.png

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Mount Ontake Death Toll Rises To 47, Making it Japan’s Worst Volcanic Disaster in Almost 90 Years

 

Rescuers combing the peak of Mount Ontake have found more bodies, officials said Wednesday, bringing the death toll in Saturday’s unexpected eruption to 47.

The figure makes it Japan’s worst volcanic disaster in almost 90 years.

Precarious conditions at the summit have made the search an on-off effort, and other bodies may still be undiscovered.

Nagano Prefectural Police had said earlier in the day that the death toll had climbed to 48, but later revised the number to 47.

Japanese media reports have said up to 20 people remain unaccounted for, although local emergency services say a greater number have been reported missing.

Toxic gas billowing from the volcano’s vents and the risk of further eruptions have prevented rescue workers from reaching some of the corpses.

 

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/10/01/national/ontake-search-resumes-amid-volcanic-tremors/#.VCwbJcJ0zVh

post-12-0-73029000-1412177130_thumb.png

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Mount Ontake Death Toll Rises To 47, Making it Japan’s Worst Volcanic Disaster in Almost 90 Years

 

Rescuers combing the peak of Mount Ontake have found more bodies, officials said Wednesday, bringing the death toll in Saturday’s unexpected eruption to 47.

The figure makes it Japan’s worst volcanic disaster in almost 90 years.

Precarious conditions at the summit have made the search an on-off effort, and other bodies may still be undiscovered.

Nagano Prefectural Police had said earlier in the day that the death toll had climbed to 48, but later revised the number to 47.

Japanese media reports have said up to 20 people remain unaccounted for, although local emergency services say a greater number have been reported missing.

Toxic gas billowing from the volcano’s vents and the risk of further eruptions have prevented rescue workers from reaching some of the corpses.

 

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/10/01/national/ontake-search-resumes-amid-volcanic-tremors/#.VCwbJcJ0zVh

 

 

So sad, things happen so quickly anymore, no time to escape.  May all those people who lost their lives in the Mt. Ontake volcanic eruption  RIP.

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Mount Sinabung eruptions show nature’s awe and chaos

Nicole Crowder

October 9, 2014

 

post-5-0-98143000-1412916013_thumb.jpg

 

 

Residents watch as dark giant ash clouds rise from the crater of Mount Sinabung volcano during an eruption on Oct. 8, 2014, as seen from Karo district located on Indonesia’s Sumatra island, following an earlier eruption on Oct. 5, 2014. (Sutanta Aditya/AFP/Getty Images)

 

"The latest in a recent set of eruptions of Mount Sinabung in Indonesia occurred Wednesday afternoon forcing hundreds of residents to flee. The volcano has been active since September 2013, and in February it erupted again, causing hundreds more to flee. Freelance photographer Sutanta Aditya captured the awe and chaos of nature’s wrath."

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/in-sight/wp/2014/10/09/2416/
more pictures at link

Tx Reddwolf

 

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Thousands of undersea volcanoes revealed in new map of ocean floor

October 4, 2014

 
 post-5-0-58535800-1414055020_thumb.jpg
 

 

"Scientists have created the highest resolution map yet of the ocean floor, revealing thousands of underwater mountains and extinct volcanoes that were previously unknown. 

In a study published Thursday in Science, researchers say the new map is at least twice as accurate as the previous version assembled nearly 20 years ago even though it can only resolve features that are a mile high and bigger. 

"You might think, that's not so much better, but instead of seeing 5,000 old volcanoes down there, now we can see 10,000," said David Sandwell, a geophysics professor at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego who led the study. 

Scientists know remarkably little about the deep-sea floor. Sandwell thinks of it almost as a separate planet in our solar system that we have only begun to explore.

"We have maps of Mars that have 100 to 10,000 times more resolution than maps of the deep ocean," he said. "

snip

http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-thousands-of-undersea-volanoes-revealed-in-new-ocean-map-20141003-story.html 

 

 

Officials in Indonesia warn Mt. Sinabung’s volcanic eruption could continue almost indefinitely

October 21, 2014

 

 "INDONESIA - An observation team says that Mount Sinabung in Karo regency, North Sumatra, is likely to continue erupting for quite some time following an increase in seismic activity on Monday. As of 12 p.m. Monday, Mt. Sinabung had 148 temblors comprising 83 short-period quakes, 34 low-frequency and 31 mixed tremors. Observation team member Arif Cahyo said Mt. Sinabung’s tectonic quakes showed that a large volume of magma was present, indicating that the volcano would continue to erupt for a long time. “We cannot determine how long Mt. Sinabung will continue to erupt, but if we observe the increase in seismic activity, it will definite be a long time,” Arif told The Jakarta Post on Monday. Arif said that Mt. Sinabung was still erupting and emitting pyroclastic flows and volcanic ash sporadically. He said the volcano had emitted pyroclastic clouds twice on Sunday and three times on Monday. “Until Monday noon, the volcano discharged pyroclastic flows three times that drifted as far as 2,500 meters to the south, while volcanic ash drifted up to 1,500 meters to the east,” said Arif, who voiced fear that Berastagi city would be covered by ash that had been drifting east for the past two days."

snip

http://beforeitsnews.com/earthquakes/2014/10/officials-in-indonesia-warn-mt-sinabungs-volcanic-eruption-could-continue-almost-indefinitely-2517632.html

 

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Today is 1 month since Mt Ontake in Japan erupted violently.

 

Just after the eruption (57 dead 7 still not found-search will resume in Spring next year as Winter is approaching. Ash covered field and all trails demolished, too dangerous to go there now.), this mobile phone video was taken. Scary...

 

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIRcd4-p4oc

 

And this is going even further away, but since it's CHANI, there's a video states VOR-Russian Radio had some allegation of conspiracy about the eruption of Mt Ontake.

 

Yup.

They said that it's done by 2 US fighters dropping Bunker Buster weapons. 

Check the small, faint 2 white lights appear on the sharp protruding edge.

I tend to think it's more natural origin but...anyway, good find. That's hard to see...

 

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Hawaiian volcano flow threatens village, triggers methane explosions


Officials say molten lava from a Hawaii volcano has been flowing steadily in an area where residents have been warned they might have to evacuate their homes.


Dozens of residents in the flow path have been told to complete all necessary preparations by Tuesday for a possible evacuation. The timeline could change, based on the flow rate.


The Red Cross said it was opening a shelter to aide any evacuees.


Authorities on Sunday said lava flow on the Big Island of Hawaii had advanced hundreds of yards since Saturday morning and was moving at the rate of about 10 to 15 yards an hour, consistent with its advancement in recent days.


Kilauea volcano has been erupting continuously since 1983. Most lava from this eruption has flowed south. But the lava has flowed to the northeast over the past two years.


The current flow that has been threatening Pahoa began in June. It's been moving toward town in fits and starts for weeks, speeding up and then slowing down.


The flow front passed through a predominantly Buddhist cemetery, covering grave sites in the mostly rural region of Puna, and was roughly a half-mile from Pahoa Village Road, the main street of Pahoa.


Darryl Oliveira, director of civil defense for Hawaii County, told reporters during a late Sunday morning teleconference that the nearest home was at least 300 yards from the flow front. He planned to get better coordinates during a flight later in the day.


snip


http://seattletimes.com/html/nationworld/2024874156_apxhawaiivolcano.html


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This is a side story of Japanese volcano Mt. Ontake volcano blow up. As an interesting aspect to cut through the news of eruption of Mt. Ontake in Japan, I post this here.

 

I have come across to few YT vids from Japan stating about the images taken by foreign correspondents during Japanese Defense Force working at it, how incredibly different images were to those which Japanese MSM covered.

 

...THEY NEVER SEEN THE TANKS RUNNING TO THE RESCUE MISSION....

 

The images with Defense tanks are below:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8drhYTRvC64

 

Not that it's a conspiracy, but you can tell a lot about unwritten code of media coverages re: Defense Force.

That's the long trend for 69 years since WW2 ended; not to spot light how strong military force can be in Japan.

 

So NO TANK IMAGES APPEARED IN JAPANESE MSM. (Or any appreciation shown how tough assignment Dif. Force guys had to tackle as they got to Mt. Ontake.)

One comment on the vid shown stated just a corner of a tank might be caught in a glimpse and that was all about it, in Japanese news.

 

While I was watching the news from all over the world on this eruption when it was happening, I had seen many shots of tanks (called 89-type, smallest caliber available, goes fast because of light weight, and light weight was important due to ash making everywhere slippery and almost inaccessible. They were to go in with tanks if another eruption occurs while many people are still evacuating.) but never realised that in actual Japanese news, they avoided to include the shots of the tanks.

 

Also helicopters were used and in one case, it rescued 7 people at once.

It was surrounded by powder ash and by breathing the particles into engine can cause falls.

They had to hover lowest at 3000 m high to maintain the flight.

At this height, less Oxygen available, and air flow was quite violent, risking the fatal fall; all the environment made it a very dangerous mission to achieve.

The helicopter (UH-60JA) had hovering limit height being set as 2896 m.

Mt. Ontake's tip is 3067 m.

 

To execute this hovering and rescue people was truly risking their own lives in the helicopters.

 

I can only thank for those people who quietly did their best and greatest jobs to serve the people who were rescued on Mt. Ontake, and for those who passed away there, and the family and friends of the lost people.

Still 6 missing on the mountain, and the search of the bodies will resume once the weather shifts to Spring in 2015.

 

(I guess Himalayan pilots always do incredible rescue flights, too! Thanks for those who are tirelessly helping to rescue people.) 

 

 

Anyway, what to add here is that probably having volcano erupting around the world will require aircraft engines to be set up that can go into the smallest, inaccessible spaces, as well as prevent particles entering into engine causing to fail.

That's a big hurdle to jump over for engineering perhaps but it WILL BE necessary, unless anti-gravity technology is allowed to be used.

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Ash from Costa Rica's Turrialba Volcano reaches province of Limón

Nov. 2, 2014

L. Arias

 

141002Turrialba-1000x647.jpg

The Turrialba Volcano has expelled rocks up to 1 meter in diameter at a distance of some 400 meters from the crater. Volcanologists estimate rocks were shot out at speeds greater than 100 kilometers per hour.

(Courtesy of OVSICORI)

 

 

 

"Among the observations by volcanologists conducting weekend inspections in the area around Costa Rica’s Turrialba Volcano were craters in the earth measuring up to one meter in diameter – the result of rocks shooting out from the volcano.

Experts from the National Seismological Network (RSN) and the Volcanological and Seismological Observatory of Costa Rica (OVSICORI) conducted the inspections in light of significant activity at the volcano that started last week.

RSN volcanologist Gino González Ilama said the areas of impact are located on the south side of the volcano and cover 80 percent of the slope up to 400 meters from the volcano’s crater.

“We observed the impact of volcanic rock that had caused several craters on the ground. We believe the rocks were shot out of the volcano at speeds greater than 100 kilometers per hour, and this proves there is strong activity inside,” González said."

snip

http://www.ticotimes.net/2014/11/03/ash-from-costa-ricas-turrialba-volcano-reaches-province-of-limon

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Cape Verde Evacuations Are Underway Following Volcano Eruption
 
The Pico do Fogo volcano on the Cape Verdean island of Fogo erupted Sunday morning, prompting the evacuation of at least one nearby village.
 
The explosions started around 10 a.m. local time, a geophysicist who studies the volcano told a Cape Verdean English news website. Seismic activity at the site had been unusual for days, he added.
 
The Fogo village of Chã das Caldeiras, home to about 700 people, was ordered to evacuate.
 
 
http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/2014/11/23/cape-verde-evacuations-are-underway-following-volcano-eruption/MqqLEMCSab9qYGqlw1F5qL/story.html

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Infamous Colombian Volcano Being Watched for Increased Activity

 

Authorities are monitoring increased activity from the Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, which last erupted in 1985, killing some 20,000.

 

Colombian experts continue monitoring the Nevado del Ruiz volcano, the most active volcano in the country, given its increased activity in recent days with emissions of gases and ash, and also internal earthquakes.

 

http://www.telesurtv.net/english/news/Infamous-Colombian-Volcano-Being-Watched-for-Increased-Activity-20141206-0018.html

post-12-0-53117500-1417965779_thumb.png

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Hawaii lava on course to hit gas station, stores

Dec. 15, 2014

By Audrey Mcavoy, AP

 

3a3c6ad22a2b5731680f6a7067005fa3_origina

In this photo taken Dec. 12, 2014, and provided by the U.S. Geological Survey, the active lava flow front continues to advance downslope towards the northeast about a mile and a half from the marketplace in Pahoa, Hawaii. Officials say lava from Kilauea volcano is on course to reach a supermarket and shopping center in the small town of Pahoa in seven to ten days. Hawaii County Civil Defense Director Darryl Oliveira said Monday, Dec. 15, 2014, the lava is about one mile away from Malama Marketplace supermarket. There’s a hardware store, pharmacy and gas station in the same shopping center.  (AP Photo/U.S. Geological Suvery, Tim Orr)

 

"HONOLULU (AP) -- Lava from a volcano on Hawaii's Big Island is on course to reach a shopping center with a gas station and a supermarket in seven to 10 days, officials said Monday.

Lava is about 1 mile from the shopping center in the small town of Pahoa, said Hawaii County Civil Defense Director Darryl Oliveira. The shopping center also contains a hardware store, pharmacy and auto repair shop.

There's still a great deal of uncertainty about when the lava might reach the center and what it could hit. The lava could smother one structure in the complex or cover them all, he said.

"It just depends on what the flow does as it comes through," he told reporters during a conference call.

Oliveira says the county has been in touch with the merchants about evacuation plans. The county hasn't yet advised them to leave.

The supermarket, one of the biggest stores in the center, plans to start removing equipment on Tuesday and shut down on Thursday. Malama Market said in a statement it was encouraging customers to keep shopping until its doors close."
snip

https://ph.news.yahoo.com/hawaii-lava-course-hit-gas-235800180.html

 

 

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Volcano Erupts Destroying Cape Verde Villages

 

The eruption of the volcano Pico do Fogo has destroyed two villages and threatens a forest reserve.

Around 1,500 people fled their homes before the lava flow reached the villages of Portela and Bangeira on Fogo Island, Cape Verde, fire brigade chief Arlindo Lima said.

"The lava front, (which was) more than 500 metres north of outlying houses in Bangeira a week ago, has swept over much of the village and continues to move forward," Mr Lima added.

Both villages have now been largely destroyed according to officials.

 

https://uk.news.yahoo.com/volcano-erupts-destroying-cape-verde-villages-204420843.html

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Sakurajima 18/12/14  
 
 


 
abaduck

 

Published on Dec 18, 2014

Night vulcanian blast. Sony A7S, Canon/Optex 200mm f/1.8

tx Reddwolf

 

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Volcanoes rumble across the planet as 2014 draws to a close

 

Jan. 6, 2015

 

Rodrigo Cokting
Staff writer

Thursday, January 1, 2015, 8:43 AM - People living near the Popocatepetl volcano in Mexico had an explosive New Year's celebration.

The volcano had almost 30 eruptions in less than 24 hours, according to the latest update.

People within 10 km have been asked by Mexican officials to evacuate their homes

The Centre for Disaster Prevention released a press release on Wednesday where they said that the volcano had erupted 28 times and released smoke more than 450 times. At least five strong tremors were also felt in the area.

snip

http://www.theweathernetwork.com/news/articles/volcano-explosions-mark-end-of-2014-in-mexico/42838/

Colima volcano activity puts Mexican authorities on alert

Jan. 5, 2015

 

The Colima volcano in western Mexico is continuing to produce emissions that have put civil protection authorities in the states of Jalisco and Colima on alert, and they are not ruling out undertaking a possible evacuation of local residents if the situation worsens, officials said Monday.

The head of the Civil Protection and Firefighters Unit in Jalisco state, Trinidad Lopez Rivas, said at a press conference that "the evacuation of the people (will be undertaken) if it's necessary," that is, if there is an event involving the volcano that is more serious than what has occurred so far.

snip

http://latino.foxnews.com/2015/01/05/colima-volcano-activity-puts-mexican-authorities-on-alert/

New Eruption Begins at Highest Volcano in Eurasia

Jan. 5, 2015

information_items_1871.jpg

Klyuchevskaya Sopka is one of the planet's most active volcanoes. Picture: wulcano.ru

"The volcano, the highest mountain in the Kamchatka peninsula - Russia's Land of Fire and Ice - is active again after one year's relative calm.

'The crater is filling up with fresh lava and volcano's activity is steadily growing. There is a constant volcanic trembling, thermal anomaly and glow above the crater', said the Kamchatka branch of the Geophysical Service of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

There is a warning to aircraft flying at 6,000 metres altitude. 

Klyuchevskaya Sopka, also known as Klyuchevskoi - which rises some 4,750 meters above the sea level - is one of the planet's most active volcanoes. Its last active phase was from August to December 2013. Increased seismic activity was noted from 19 December. 

A small plume was detected from 2 January. A thermal anomaly is visible on satellite data and during clear weather, glow can be seen from the summit at night."

snip

http://siberiantimes.com/other/others/news/n0081-new-eruption-begins-at-highest-volcano-in-eurasia/

Local Cape Verdeans join to Support Volcano Victims

Catastrophic' destruction by volcano spurs those in Mass to help victims

 

GLOBE CORRESPONDENT   DECEMBER 08, 2014

By Jennifer Smith

 

04519453-8138.jpg

 

Lava began to ravage the only building left standing in the village of Portela on the island of Fogo, Cape Verde. NICOLAU CENTEIO/EP

 

"Many local Cape Verdeans have traveled to Chã das Caldeiras, a picturesque village in the crater of a volcano on one the archipelago’s islands. It is renowned for its homemade goat cheese and full-bodied wines.

Now they are rallying to help the 3,000 residents who had to be rescued from the area around the village, which lies in ruins after lava and smoke began pouring from the volcano on the island of Fogo two weeks ago.

“We just all feel horrible and sad,” said Veronica Rosario, 33, of Dorchester, who is working with the United for Fogo initiative. “We’ve met the people who live there. . . . A lot of them are family members and friends.”

Chã das Caldeiras, situated within the volcano’s crater, had been evacuated at the first sign of volcanic activity on Nov. 22, Prime Minister Jos Maria Neves of Cape Verde said in a statement. And midmorning on Nov. 23, Pico do Fogo erupted for the first time in almost 20 years"

snip

http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/12/07/local-cape-verdeans-join-support-volcano-victims/8toZME1G4hBEdhYCugcMKO/story.html

Chrome sux!!

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Volcano Ashes Prompt Closure of Colombian Airport

Jan. 7, 2015

 

volcan-nevado-ruiz.jpg

 

"Bogotá, Jan 7 (Prensa Latina) The increase in the emissions of ashes from Colombia''s volcano Nevado del Ruiz prompted today the closure of nearby La Nubia airport to prevent traffic congestion to and from the terminal.

According to Director of the Volcano Observatory of Manizales, Gloria Cortes, the communities near the crater, the most watched over in Colombia, remain on alert because of this increase in its activity.

The measure to suspend operations in the terminal was adopted to prevent any air accident because the ashes might interfere with the good functioning of plane turbines."

snip

http://www.plenglish.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3424701&Itemid=1

 

 

 

Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano (Tonga Islands): eruption continues under water

Jan. 7, 2015

 

"Activity continues, but seems not to have breached the surface(for now). Recent satellite imagery with clear views show a discolored water plume and a steam plume but no ash, suggesting that the activity is still well below the surface.

Hunga Ha'apa and Hunga Tonga islands are subaerial parts of a large caldera of about 6 km diameter. A number of cones have been built near its rim during past eruptions, including the Hunga Ha'apa and Hung Tonga islands themselves.

The eruption of 1988 took place from a fissure on the Hunga Ha'apai cone near the south rim of the caldera. Being at 200 m depth, it remained completely under water; only single pumice and scoria blocks floated the the surface during the eruption."

snip

http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/hunga-tonga-hunga-haapai/news/50151/Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha-apai-volcano-Tonga-Islands-eruption-continues-under-water.html

 

 

 

Soputan volcano blows its top in strong, explosive eruption

Jan. 7, 2015

 

pb-110814-volcano1-cannon.photoblog900.j

 

INDONESIA – The volcano erupted this morning at 02:45 local time with a strong explosion from the summit lava dome. It sent an 6 km tall ash column to approx. 26,000 ft (8,5 km) altitude. The eruption followed an increase in seismic activity in December, when so-called “drumbeat” earthquakes appeared – a type of volcanic tremor typically associated with movements of viscous magma at shallow depths,- in this case new lava rising beneath the existing lava dome (in place since 1991). As a consequence, the alert status of the volcano had been raised to the second highest level “Siaga” (3 on a scale of 1-4, alert)."
snip

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2015/01/07/soputan-volcano-blows-its-top-in-strong-explosive-eruption/

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