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Yellowstone Supervolcano 2.5X Larger Than Previously Thought

March 10, 2014

Sean Lennox

 

yellowstone-park.jpg

The northeastern part of Yellowstone Caldera, with the Yellowstone River flowing through Hayden Valley and the caldera rim in the distance

 

"The supervolcano beneath the surface of Yellowstone National Park is 2.5 times larger than previously believed according to a study from the Universityicon1.png of Utah.

 

The supervolcano is part of what is known as a caldera, an underground volcano forming a shape like a cauldron. More accurate details about the caldera were discovered by measuring the seismic waves of the underground magma which is anywhere from 3 to 9 miles beneath the surface of the earth. The length of the caldera is 88.5 km (~50 miles) with a width of 29 km (~18 miles). The lead author of the study, Jamie Farrell, claims the quantity of lava in the supervolcano is enough to give rise to what would be among the top three eruptions over the past 2.1 million years.

 

So just how spectacular would the eruption be? For a comparison, let’s go back to the year 1980 when the United States Geological Surveyicon1.png (USGS) refused to take no for an answer any compelled the city of Mount St. Helens to close off access to the nearby volcanic mountain of the same name and evacuate the town.

 

The volcano erupted with devastating effect which would have killed thousands of residents.

 

An 80,000 ft. plume of volcanic ash arose which was sufficient to pass through the troposphere and well into the stratosphere. Now, multiply that by 2,000 times and that would be the impact of this supervolcano. Its volcanic ashes would wrap around the planeticon1.png and mark a global event in size and damage."

snip   more info and images at link.

http://www.ecanadanow.com/science/2014/03/10/yellowstone-supervolcano-2-5x-larger-than-previously-thought/

 

 

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ooooo....

That they chose to run on the asphalt which is hard for any hoofed being.... either the lower lands were blocked and they backtracked to climb up the road and get past the block, or their senses said get off the earthen path and head thataways....

And that they didnt seem to be stampeding, the mothers staying with calves, so weren't in full spooked mode, which could all mean...

Early warning systems on, or, there was a party with Moose Beer.

 

Had to make light because that video is disconcerting to say the least... rats and the sinking ship stuff...

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Hekla Volcano Might Erupt Soon

March 19, 2014

 

hekla.jpg

 

 

"The magma chamber under mount Hekla is almost full now, more than last time when she erupted says Páll Einarsson, professor in geophysics at the University of Iceland. Hekla is the most active volcano in Iceland and usually erupts with very short notice.

 

Hekla last erupted in the year 2000, just 79 minutes after the first quake. The time has always been shorter than that, but Hekla has erupted over 20 times in the last 1000 years.

 

The last large eruption in Hekla volcano was in 1947. The volcano is monitored closely, now as before, but due to her short notice before eruption, travelers are encouraged not to walk on or around Hekla while she is in this state.

Gateway to hell

Hekla is a stratovolcano in the south of Iceland with a height of 1,491 metres (4,892 ft). Hekla is one of Iceland's most active volcanoes; over 20 eruptions have occurred in and around the volcano since 874. During the Middle Ages, Europeans called the volcano the "Gateway to Hell"."

snip

http://www.newsoficeland.com/eco/item/405-hekla-volcano-might-eerupt-soon

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/

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100 Recent Earthquakes Reported in Swarm Near Mt. Hood Volcano

 

Mount Hood has seen nearly 100 earthquakes in the past few days, but a local seismologist said they are nothing to worry about. Geologists said most of the recent earthquakes have been small with only 30 actually being large enough to tell where they occurred.

 

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2014/03/28/100-recent-earthquakes-1reported-in-swarm-near-volcano-mt-hood/

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Grimsvotn Volcano (Iceland): Small Glacial Flood and Earthquake Swarm Reported

 

A small jökulhlaup (glacier outburst flood) started yesterday from the subglacial lake Grímsvötn and has been discharging into the river Gígjukvísl. The event, which could have been triggered by normal fluctuations of hydrothermal activity under the ice is expected to be small.

 

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2014/03/28/grimsvotn-volcano-iceland-small-glacial-flood-and-earthquake-swarm-reported/

 

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Ecuador's Tungurahua Volcano Ejects Ash Cloud 10 Km in New Eruption

A volcano in central Ecuador has spewed up a column of hot ash and smoke 10 kilometers high, increasing fears of an eruption. Activity has been building at the Tungurahua volcano 130 kilometers south of the capital Quito since early February. On Friday (Saturday Australian time), experts reported a loud explosion that lasted for five minutes and an expulsion of ash.

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2014/04/05/ecuadors-tungurahua-volcano-ejects-ash-cloud-10-km-in-new-eruption/

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Increased Activity at Peru Volcano--Eruption Warning Issued for African Volcano

Residents have fled villages near Peru’s Ubinas volcano, which this week began spitting out white-hot chunks of rock, some as big as 30cm in diameter. Domingo Ramos, a scientist from Peru’s mining institute, said the volcano reawakened several days ago.

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2014/04/11/increased-activity-at-peru-volcano-eruption-warning-issued-for-african-volcano/

 

 

An article about new ways to predict eruptions of volcanos

 

Volcanoes shift before they spew

GPS data from 2011 Icelandic eruption hint at new ways to forecast hazards

http://www.nature.com/news/volcanoes-shift-before-they-spew-1.14498

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For what it's worth (I'm not sure what it's worth, but will put it here just in case). I left the coding from the article b/c some of the background links are interesting. Also, seeing as Challis, Idaho just had a 4.6 today following its 4.9 two days ago...

 

Volcanic “Red Alert” Issued For Idaho By EMERCOM Scientists

Posted by EU Times on Apr 13th, 2014

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A warning issued today by the Ministry of the Russian Federal for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM) has advised the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) that a “Red Alert” status level for the Borah Peak Mountain in Idaho (North America/United States) may be warranted in the coming weeks due to increased volcanic-seismic activity detected by both ground and satellite observations.

This is the second such warning issued by EMERCOM this year and follows their 24 January prediction that an earthquake and ensuing tsunami are expected to strike off the southwestern coast of Sakhalin Island, to the north of the epicenter of the 2 August 2007 6.2 magnitude earthquake in the town of Nevelsk that had, likewise, been successfully predicted by Russian scientists.

Important to note about EMERCOM predictions is that unlike their Western counterparts, Russian scientists suggest four new techniques for long-range prediction of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, which are universal and can be applied to all of the regions of the earth.

This type of forecasting has no psychic aspects to it at all, and is called “phase trajectory technique.” It concerns a simultaneous analysis of periodic and quasi-periodic space rhythms, which involve many factors that have a great effect on these terrible formations, including but not limited to lunar tides and solar cycles.

The “Red Alert” status for Borah Peak Mountain (the largest in Idaho), this report states, means that an eruption is forecast to be imminent with significant emission of ash into the atmosphere likely.

First arousing EMERCOM concerns about Borah Peak Mountain, this report continues, was the 4.8 magnitude earthquake which struck the Yellowstone Caldera (Supervolcano) on 30 March that was the largest trembler to hit this region in nearly 30 years and was preceded by a series of small earthquakes in central Idaho and accompanied by a near simultaneous 3.1 magnitude earthquake occurring near Borah Peak Mountain on the same date.

Prompting the EMERCOM warning about Borah Peak Mountain to WOVO, this report says, was yesterdays (12 April) 4.9 magnitude earthquake in central Idaho near the city of Challis, which on 28 October 1983 suffered a 6.9 magnitude earthquake which killed two children.

Critical to note about Borah Peak Mountain and central Idaho, this report says, is that it is a part of what is called the Internmountain Seismic Belt (ISB) [photo map 1st right] which extends from Southern California and connects many of the Western United States regions, most particularly the Yellowstone Caldera, and is overdue for a catastrophic volcanic eruption event.

snip

http://www.eutimes.net/2014/04/volcanic-red-alert-issued-for-idaho-by-emercom-scientists/

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Remote. Cold. Rugged. Those three adjectives capture the essence of Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula. Another word—perhaps more applicable than anywhere else on Earth—is “fiery.”

Of the roughly 1,550 volcanoes that have erupted in the recent geologic past, 113 are found on Kamchatka. Forty Kamchatkan volcanoes are “active,” either erupting now or capable of erupting on short notice. The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 captured activity at five of them during a single satellite pass on April 14, 2014.

Imagery follows.

From geographic north to south (and top to bottom on this page), the volcanoes are Shiveluch, Klyuchevskaya, Bezymianny, Kizimen, and Karymsky. The tallest of the group is Klyuchevskaya, a stratovolcano with a steep, symmetrical cone that reaches 4,750 meters (15,580 feet) above sea level. The most active is Karymsky, a 1,536-meter (5,039-foot) peak that has erupted regularly since 1996.

Shiveluch

acquired April 14, 2014 download large Shiveluch image (4 MB, JPEG, 3600×3600)

Klyuchevskaya

acquired April 14, 2014 download large Klyuchevskaya image (4 MB, JPEG, 3600×3600)

Bezymianny

acquired April 14, 2014 download large Bezymianny image (4 MB, JPEG, 3600×3600)

Kizimen

acquired April 14, 2014 download large Kizimen image (3 MB, JPEG, 3600×3600)

Karymsky

acquired April 14, 2014 download large Karymsky image (2 MB, JPEG, 3200×3200)

Plate tectonics is responsible for the many volcanoes on Kamchatka Peninsula. The Pacific Plate is slowly colliding with and sliding beneath the Okhotsk Plate. As rock from the Pacific Plate descends and encounters higher pressures and temperatures, it melts into magma. Over time, magma accumulates and migrates up toward the surface, causing volcanic eruptions.

Long before the discovery of plate tectonics, Kamchatka’s many volcanoes and eruptions were woven into a rich tapestry of myths and creation stories. According to Koryak folklore, the raven-like deity Kutkh created Kamchatka by dropping a giant feather on the Pacific Ocean. Each of the first generation of men became one of Kamchatka’s mountains at death; many of these mountains became volcanic because the men’s hearts burned so passionately for a beautiful woman that Kutkh had also created near the beginning of time.

In 2013, another NASA satellite collected imagery of Shiveluch, Bezymianny, Tolbachik, and Kizimen.

http://wattsupwiththat.com/2014/04/16/satellite-captures-five-volcanoes-erupting-at-once-on-the-russian-kamchatka/

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Peru evacuates Ubinas volcano area after ash cloud

April, 17, 2014

 

"The authorities in Peru say they are evacuating people living near the Ubinas volcano, in the south of the country, because of increased activity.

 

Officials said it would take three days to move 4,000 residents and their livestock to safer grounds.

 

Ubinas, Peru's most active volcano, recently began spewing ash clouds up to 4km (two miles) high.

 

An eruption of cinder and toxic gases in 2006 killed livestock and forced a similar evacuation.

 

Last week, the Peruvian government declared a state of emergency in the provinces closest to the volcano to help those most-affected."

snip

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The authorities said 30,000 animals, including alpacas, had to be moved

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-27075323

 

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Indonesia's Mount Merapi Smoking and Trembling Again

Volcanic activity at Mount Merapi, on the border of Central Java and Yogyakarta, dispersed ash within a 15-kilometer radius of the southeast, south and southwest of the volcano, on Sunday. “Tremors were recorded for around 20 minutes at 4:21 a.m. local time on Sunday, and our observers began to hear rumbling at 4:26 a.m.,” said Sri Sumarti, head of the Mt. Merapi division at the Geological Disaster Technology Research and Development Center (BPPTKG) in Yogyakarta on Sunday, as quoted by Antara news agency. It was reported that embers were also seen.

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2014/04/22/indonesias-mount-merapi-smoking-and-trembling-again/

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Interesting Angel. Gulf of Mexico..... Tar volcanos..... Ancient oil deposit....

Black goo anyone? Wonder if this could be somehow even remotely to BEZERK

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Pacific Northwest Magma Chambers "Re-Pressurize"-Mt St. Helens Showing Rise

View of Mt. Saint Helens new magma dome , building along with a rise in the area, and a “re-pressurization” of the magma chambers beneath the area.

Magma levels are slowly rebuilding inside Mount St. Helens, a volcano in Washington state that erupted in 1980 and killed 57 people, although there was no sign of an impending eruption, U.S. scientists said.

The roughly 8,300-foot volcano erupted in an explosion of hot ash and gas on May 18, 1980, spewing debris over some 230 square miles and causing more than a billion dollars in property damage. Entire forests were crushed and river systems altered in the blast, which began with a 5.2 magnitude earthquake.

"The magma reservoir beneath Mount St. Helens has been slowly re-pressurizing since 2008," the U.S. Geological Survey said in a statement on Wednesday. "It is likely that re-pressurization is caused by (the) arrival of a small amount of additional magma 4 to 8 km (2.5 to 5 miles) beneath the surface."

http://yellowstoneactivity.weebly.com/1/post/2014/05/512014-pacific-northwest-magma-chambers-re-pressurize-mt-saint-helens-showing-rise.html

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Submarine Volcano Reportedly Erupts Near Mariana Islands 

During the past week, we have been keeping a close watch on the Northern Mariana Islands (NMI), as seismometers on the islands record high levels of seismicity from an undersea volcano near the island of Farallon de Pajaros. The seismic signals almost certainly herald an eruption. In fact, submarine explosions were heard by scuba divers who are conducting coral reef research in the area. The divers even felt the shock waves from the explosions, and one of the most powerful ones reverberated through the hull of the NOAA base ship, Hi‘ialakai, leading the crew to think something had happened to the ship. Shipboard personnel also reported a large sulfur slick on the southeast coastline of Farallon de Pajaros. Unfortunately, the ship had to leave the area under threat of an advancing typhoon. If they can get back to the vicinity soon, they may be able to investigate the source of the explosions with great caution, keeping in close contact with U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and CNMI emergency management personnel, who are monitoring the seismicity. The CNMI emergency management office and the volcano observatories of the USGS have been working together for over 30 years to establish volcano monitoring networks and assess volcanic hazards in the Mariana Islands. The most likely source of the current activity is Ahyi seamount, about 20 km southeast of Farallon de Pajaros. Ahyi rises to within 64 m (210 ft) of the ocean surface and is associated with several reports of possible eruptions in historical times, the most recent in 2001.

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2014/05/03/34-submarine-volcano-reportedly-erupts-near-mariana-islands/

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Newly-Discovered Active Volcano Could Erupt Underneath Ice in Antarctica And Add to Effects of Global Warming

Antarctic ice sheet is being threatened by an undersea volcano. Antarctica’s ice sheets may face a far more imminent threat than climate change: scientists have found a new volcano forming a mile under the ice, which is threatening a full eruption. The volcano appears to be a part of much larger system that is generating earthquakes and releasing heat into the ice above. Volcanic activity was discovered around 30 miles from Antarctica’s highest volcano, Mount Sidley, and although an eruption would be unlikely to breach the ice – the accompanying heat could have an effect on the landscape. Even a sub-glacial eruption would still be able to melt ice, creating huge amounts of water which could flow beneath the ice and towards the sea –

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2014/05/12/newly-discovered-active-volcano-could-erupt-underneath-ice-in-antarctica-and-add-to-effects-of-global-warming/

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 Volcanic quakes rattle Mt. Mayon volcano in the Philippines

May 12, 2014

 

600x450xphivolcs.jpg.pagespeed.ic.nI3XFo

 

"PHILIPPINES - A magnitude 4.2 earthquake has hit the northern shores of Camarines Norte and Catanduanes provinces early morning on Sunday, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) reported. The tremor’s epicenter was at 93 kilometers northwest of Pandan town, Catanduanes and was tectonic in origin, the Phivolc’s Seismological Observation and Earthquake Prediction Division said on its official online quake recording site. It was felt at around 4:07 a.m. on Sunday, the bulletin said. The quake was too far from the mainland to affect residents and property and no aftershocks were expected, the Phivolcs bulletin said. Meanwhile, Phivolcs, in an 8 a.m. bulletin on Sunday, said it has recorded three volcanic earthquakes on Mt. Mayon during the past 24-hour observation period. Moderate emission of white steam plumes that drifted west-northwest and west-southwest was also noted over the same period but no crater glow was observed on Saturday night."

snip

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/

 

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Hey Redd and Breezy, thanks for keeping an eye on volcanoes as they are a good indicator.  I once 'saw' a huge cloud like effect which completely surrounded the planet in the northern hemisphere from the Artic and looked like it went down far enough to cover Europe.  I could not work out what it was that covered the entire top of the planet but an ash cloud would make sense.  That is not to say it will happen now with all the timeline changes but it is interesting that things seem to be awakening in the Arctic.

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Could Dangerous Underwater Volcano in Caribbean Cause a US Tsunami?

May 14, 2014

By GIO BENITEZ, MICHAEL CAPPETTA and LAUREN EFFRON

 

HT_hercules_underwater_jef_140514_16x9_9

View from "Hercules," a 5,000-pound submersible used by Robert Ballard and his team.

National Geographic

 

 

"A team of scientists is exploring the darkest corners of a huge underwater volcano in the Caribbean in hopes of better understanding the mysteries of earthquakes and tsunamis, ultimately saving lives.

 

Watch the full story on "Nightline" tonight at 12:35 a.m. ET

Kick'em Jenny is a dangerous and active volcano sitting roughly 6,000 feet below the surface of the Caribbean Sea, and located off the coast of the island of Grenada, south of St. Lucia.

 

Robert Ballard, famous for discovering the Titanic 12,000 feet below the surface of the icy North Atlantic in 1985, set his sights on exploring the Kick'em Jenny to study its eruption history and learn more about how underwater volcanoes can pose a threat.

 

Ballard, the president of The Ocean Exploration Trust and the director of the Center for Ocean Exploration at the University of Rhode Island’s Graduate School of Oceanography, said the Kick'em Jenny volcano has a history of explosive eruptions, which could have the potential to trigger tsunamis, the effects from which could be felt as far away as the northeastern United States.

 

According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Kick'em Jenny volcano has erupted 10 times since 1939 with the most recent eruption in 1990."

snip

http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/deadly-underwater-volcano-caribbean-us-tsunami/story?id=23717506

 

 

 

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El Salvador evacuates 1K people near stirring volcano

Maya 19, 2014

 

 

Chaparrastique volcano's last major eruption was in 1976

 

"At least 1,000 people living near the Chaparrastique volcano have been evacuated as a precautionary measure after seismic activity increased at the volcano, Salvadoran civil protection authorities said Monday.

 

There was an explosion early Monday and the volcano then spewed reddish ash, officials said

 

The Civil Protection Department said in a statement that an alert had been declared for the municipality of San Miguel, where the volcano is located. The city of San Miguel itself is 50 kilometres from the volcano. It is one of the largest cities in the Central American country.

 

The 2,129-metre volcano is about 145 kilometres east of San Salvador, the capital of El Salvador.

The volcano's last significant eruption was in 1976.

http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/el-salvador-evacuates-1k-people-near-stirring-volcano-1.2647745

 

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Pictured From a Passenger Plane; Menacing 12 Mile High Ash Cloud Looms Over Indonesia's "Mountain of Spirits" After Volcano Erupts

This is the incredible moment when a huge volcano erupted in Indonesia sending ash spewing an estimated 12 miles into the sky.

The powerful explosion took place at Mount Sangeang Api in the Lesser Sunda Islands - an area that plays host to 129 active volcanoes - and sent a distinctive spaceship-shaped ring of pyroclastic smoke high into the air.

The photographs were taken by professional photographer Sofyan Efendi during a commercial flight from Bali to the fishing town of Labuan Bajo in West Nusa Tenggara province.

Scores of farmers who work but do not live on the island were ordered to leave and not return until the volcano has finished erupting, said Muhammad Hendrasto, head of Indonesia's National Volcanology Agency. There are not believed to have been any deaths or injuries as a result of the eruption

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2644253/Incredible-moment-huge-volcano-erupts-Indonesia-sending-ash-spewing-thousands-feet-sky.html#

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