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New/Old Diseases Human/Animal A record..

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bulgaria is culling birds...

"There are 26 bird flu outbreaks on the territory of Bulgaria. They are found in nine districts, while more than 100,000 animals have been killed so far."

http://www.focus-fen.net/news/2017/01/04/414821/latest-report-on-bird-flu-in-bulgaria-26-outbreaks-in-9-districts-more-than-100000-animals-killed.html

nigeria is culing birds..

"A total of 9,000 birds have been culled in Nigeria's Kano State as authorities move to curb the spread of bird flu which resurfaced two weeks ago in the state."

http://www.newsx.com/world/51109-nigerian-state-culls-9000-birds-to-curb-spread-of-bird-flu

india culls birds...

"As avian or bird flu reared its head in Gujarat after a decade, the state government sounded an alert and declared a 10-km radius around a poultry facility in Hathijan in Ahmedabad district a 'regulated zone' and culled over 1,500 birds till Wednesday afternoon."

"Humans directly handling birds affected by the virus are at high risk of contracting the fatal virus."

""According to government instructions, we have set up a separate isolation ward with 20 beds and equipped it with latest equipment. The personnel required to manage the ward too have been provided with special suits," Ahmedabad Civil Hospital Medical Superintendent Dr MM Prabhakar said."

http://www.newsx.com/national/51640-gujarat-government-orders-culling-of-birds-after-avian-flu-scare

france culls another 800,000 birds..

"Some 800,000 birds, mainly ducks, out of a total population of around 18 million in the Southwest, will be culled in the coming week,...It could rise further if the virus cannot be maintained, she said, stressing that there are 1.3 million birds in the area."

"The Czech Republic and Slovenia reported first outbreaks of H5N8 on Wednesday."

http://www.9news.com.au/health/2017/01/05/04/37/france-to-cull-800-000-ducks

taiwan is culling birds...

"Taipei, Jan. 4 (CNA) Thousands of chickens have been culled on a farm in Yunlin County, central Taiwan, which was infected with the H5N8 avian influenza virus,"

http://focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201701040024.aspx

many other culls continuing ...

germany is culling birds...

"About 22,000 turkeys are to be culled after suspect cases of bird flu were found on two more German farms in the major German poultry production region of Lower Saxony, authorities said on Monday."

"Around 90,000 turkeys, chickens and ducks were also culled last week after the H5N8 strain was confirmed on farms in Lower Saxony while 16,000 turkeys were culled on a farm with the H5N8 strain in the neighboring state of North Rhine Westfalia."

http://froggyweb.com/news/articles/2017/jan/02/germany-to-cull-more-turkeys-after-bird-flu-outbreak-spreads/

cramped hen cages in south korea...not a good idea

http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/Article.aspx?aid=3028274

 

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add chile to our list with a large urkey production plant, agrosuper sopraval unit in quilpue chili...they are saying it is h7 type in 350,000 turkeys with 50,000 culled so far...largest protein manufacturer in chili...processing...

"Specialized laboratories are working to determine what strain of bird flu has infected the animals and once the results are available SAG will decide what further sanitary measures need to be taken."

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-chile-birdflu-idUSKBN14O28N

"Chile: 350,000 turkeys infected with H7 bird flu in Valparaíso"

http://crofsblogs.typepad.com/h5n1/2017/01/chile-350000-turkeys-infected-with-bird-flu-in-valparaíso.html

 

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no more free range poultry or pets

this is the rapid move to develop a global collective narrative , where we lose the ability to have poultry as livestock or pets . free range poultry and livestock will become a thing of the past . only well regulated indoor facilities that can provide seclusion from wild bird's that could be sick from bird flu . only these facilities will have the ability to provide our food. no more out door chicken, duck, turkey, pigs...they can all get bird flu and most likely from a wild birds feces. now that highly pathogenic avian influenza has proven endemic in all global avian migratory flyways , the only way to provide "food security' is by government regulation . how will south korea mandate the handling of live poultry now that they know the cause was migratory birds ? gotta go indoors ! how about japan and now taiwan ? they will adopt the same as will iran, israel, egypt, russia, austrailia, us, cannada and all of europe. there will be a global push for this. the rules and regulations will be so tenacious and costly that the small farms and  public will not be able to participate. these measures will be readily accepted as necessary public health measures and national security. right now in u.k. all birds are to be kept indoors. pets included

i suspect dogs and cats will be added... in 2015 canine flu (h3n2) was found in the u.s. . they also get h3n8 which originated in horses  ( I've posted long ago about someday getting into the horse issue , not yet). the h3n2 in dogs was first found in south korea bird flu out break 2007, later found in china and taiwan. landed in the u.s. 2015 spread to 24 states and last year grew to 40 states. our seasonal flu this year is h3n2 , different than the dog h3n2 and different than the h3n2 jumping from pigs to people in the u.s. and canada. cats have gotten the canine h3n2 on occasion. in the 2014 h5n8 outbreak in south korea a number of dogs got it ( i also posted that here in the past). and now h5n8 is raging across europe. not in humans yet, but dogs get it. the proven man killer h5n6 which has more than decimated south koreas poultry and continuing, has spread to a few cats proving its ability to jump to mammals. cats have gotten h7n2 in new york and that spread to a vet. it has adapted to infect mammals and jump species. also dogs and cats are harboring bacteria that infect us. t gondi in cats, causing brain damage and psychosis in humans with an estimate of 50,000 human infections at this time ( that was posted also) . dogs have been found to carry c.difficile in their stool. this and more will lead to pets being highly regulated if not forbidden to have. 

"MEASURES to keep poultry and captive birds indoors to protect them from a dangerous form of bird flu have been extended until the end of February - just days before it would prevent produce being sold as free range."

"The "prevention" zone which has been imposed across the whole of England to protect against the highly pathogenic H5N8 avian flu strain in wild birds has been extended until February 28, government officials said."

"Chief veterinary officer Nigel Gibbens said: "The prevention zone means anyone who keeps poultry such as chickens, ducks and geese, even as pets, must take action to stop them coming into contact with wild birds to protect them from avian flu.

"Birds should be moved into a suitable building, or if that isn't possible owners must take sensible precautions to keep them away from wild birds, like putting up netting to create a temporary enclosure and keeping food and water supplies inside where they cannot be contaminated by wild birds."

http://www.bournemouthecho.co.uk/news/districts/northdorset/15010242.Worry_for_free_range_producers_as_bird_flu_confinement_order_extended/

" CDC and its partners are monitoring the canine influenza H3N8 and H3N2 viruses (as well as other animal influenza viruses) closely."

https://www.cdc.gov/flu/canineflu/keyfacts.htm

Interspecies transmission of the canine influenza H3N2 virus to domestic cats in South Korea, 2010

http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2011/07/korea-interspecies-transmission-of.html

"Influenza A virus, a member of the genus Orthomyxovirus, is an economically important virus that causes disease in humans, pigs, horses, and fowl (1). A crucial feature in the ecology and epidemiology of influenza virus is interspecies transmission (2). The emergence of new virus subtypes and their interspecies transmission is of great concern; measures to counteract their spread are vital for preventing influenza epidemics and pandemics."

"Our experimental reproduction of the disease caused by this isolate induced severe pathologic changes and showed that infected dogs excreted influenza virus (H3N2) in nasal discharge but not in feces. This finding suggests that dog-to-dog transmission of subtype H3N2 could occur through the nasal route and that dog-to-dog transmission of the virus could play an important role in the epizootiology of the disease."

"Evidence of avian influenza virus infection in pet dogs raises the concern that dogs may be become a new source of transmission of novel influenza viruses, especially where avian influenza viruses are circulating or have been detected."

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2600237/

http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2014/03/korea-finds-more-dogs-with-h5n8.html

http://outbreaknewstoday.com/h5n6-avian-influenza-cats-south-korea-cdc-statement-44988/

"Canines in Flagstaff, USA carry diverse C. difficile strains with STs from clade 1 that are known to cause human disease. This study provides a snapshot in time of the prevalence, diversity, and complexity of C. difficile colonization in this canine population and supports two important findings; 1) C. difficile types similar to those that cause disease in humans are widespread in dog feces and 2) Canines could serve as a source of community acquired CDIs in humans."

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0164504

remember that pandemic strain h1n1 of 2009 ? now its a  seasonal flu. dogs get it too !

http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2011/02/companion-animals-and-novel-h1n1.html

further reading fun...

http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2016/05/report-skunks-and-rabbits-can-catch-and.html

http://bmcmicrobiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2180-14-187

new/old diseases human/animal a record... breezy, ya titled this thread well my friend ! 

with much love, slayer

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Norovirus Suspected After More Than 800 Illinois High School Students Stay Home Sick on Same Day

Gillian Mohney          Jan. 10, 2017

 

"After hundreds of students missed school on the same day at a St. Charles, Illinois, high school, the county health department is investigating whether the mass illness is due to norovirus.

At least 800 of the 2,500 students at St. Charles East High School were absent on Monday after students reported symptoms consistent with norovirus infection, St. Charles Community Unit School District spokesman Jim Blaney said at a press conference yesterday. Student athletes first reported symptoms over the weekend.

"It's pretty apparent that this is out of the ordinary," he said.

A special bleach-based solution that can kill norovirus is being used to clean the high school, which was closed on Tuesday, Blaney said.

Tom Schlueter, the communications coordinator for the Kane County Health Department, said it is investigating the outbreak and working with the school district to confirm the cause. He said the students will need to be tested.

"It has all the earmarks of norovirus, but the only way to confirm, in fact, that it is norovirus is for someone to go to the doctor," he told ABC News.

Norovirus is often referred to as the stomach flu and is highly contagious. Symptoms of infection include frequent vomiting, diarrhea and nausea, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most norovirus outbreaks occur from November to April, often where people are in close proximity to one another, such as "day care centers, nursing homes, schools and cruise ships," according to the CDC. Norovirus is the leading cause of illness from food contamination in the United State. Symptoms generally last one to three days."

http://abcnews.go.com/Health/norovirus-suspected-800-illinois-high-school-students-stay/story?id=44674837

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nasty nasty norovirus.

On 1/10/2017 at 10:08 PM, breezy said:

Norovirus is the leading cause of illness from food contamination in the United State. Symptoms generally last one to three days."

mutating, mixing,nasty thing...new findings. ( I've posted on this thread somewhere re viruses and marine mammals)

"Noroviruses have been detected in humans, cats, dogs, pigs, sheep, cattle, sea lions, rodents, and bats (1–4). In humans, norovirus is a leading cause of gastroenteritis (1). Seven different norovirus genogroups have been described for the norovirus genus (1) that can be further subdivided in ≈30 genotypes."

"Noroviruses can spread through the fecal–oral route, and sewage contamination in coastal environments can result in contamination of shellfish, such as oysters. Oysters filter several liters of seawater daily and contain histo-blood group antigens resembling those of humans. These antigens can be specifically bound by noroviruses, resulting in bioaccumulation (6); as a result, eating oysters is linked to foodborne norovirus outbreaks in humans (7). This mode of transmission, however, could expose humans to viruses from other animal reservoirs, such as marine mammals, and vice versa."

"On the basis of our findings that norovirus infections might be a common infection in harbor porpoises from the southern North Sea and the detection of a norovirus in a sea lion (3), it is not unlikely that noroviruses are common in other marine mammals as well."

" The discovery of HPNV and the recent discovery of noroviruses in bats highlight that much still remains to be discovered about animal reservoirs of noroviruses and triggers questions about the zoonotic potential of these viruses."

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/23/1/16-1081_article

edited to remove duplicate paragraph

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lets get an update on all the bird flu raging throughout the world...

h5n8 update from u.n. food and agriculture organization (fao)

"Situation: H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) 2016 virus in Africa, Asia, Europe and Middle East with pandemic potential.
Confirmed countriesx: Austria*, Bulgaria*, Croatia*, Czech Republic*, Denmark*, Egypt, Finland, France*, Germany*, Greece, Hungary*, India*, Iran (Islamic Republic of)*, Israel*, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands*, Nigeria*, Poland*, Romania, Russian Federation*, Serbia*, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden*, Switzerland, Tunisia, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland* and Ukraine*."

http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/programmes/en/empres/H5N8/situation_update.html

h7n9 5th wave already greater than 4th wave...hong kong with 4 cases from china...106 cases so far since january 4th...

"The 10-year-old boy is the fourth imported case of H7N9 in Hong Kong this winter. Authorities report that close family contacts and healthcare workers who came in contact with the boy are being treated with Tamiflu prophylactically."

"Finally, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations today released updated information about H7N9. Since 2013, there have been 931 cases and 355 deaths. Since Jan 4, there have been 106 cases reported."

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2017/01/avian-flu-scan-jan-11-2017

more bird flu across europe and middle east...

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2017/01/officials-report-more-avian-flu-across-europe-middle-east

h5n2 in taiwan and u.s.a.

"The H5N2 avian flu virus was confirmed at the farm, where 2,672 chicken had been slaughtered to prevent further infection, according to the island's animal and plant health inspection authority."

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-01/09/c_135964697.htm

"The highly pathogenic H5N2 avian flu strain linked to several US poultry outbreaks in 2015 has been detected in a wild mallard in Montana as part of ongoing surveillance, US officials said, while the H5N8 strain has spread to more farms in Europe and was confirmed for the first time in Italy."

"Elsewhere in Europe, the H5N8 virus hit more farms in Germany and Poland, with more wild bird detections reported in Finland, Germany, and Sweden, according to separate reports to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)."

"Germany yesterday reported 23 more H5N8 outbreaks to the OIE, 6 at farms and 17 involving wild birds."

"Poland reported 12 more poultry outbreaks, 6 on farms and 6 involving backyard birds, veterinary officials said yesterday in a report to the OIE. The outbreaks affected five different provinces and led to the culling of nearly 140,000 birds."

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2017/01/h5n2-found-wild-montana-duck-h5n8-spreads-italy

italy has both h5n8 and the brand new h5n5...

http://www.poultrymed.com/Poultrymed/Templates/showpage.asp?DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=178&FID=1908&PID=0&IID=47263

nigeria is not only fighting h5n1 outbreaks but now also h5n8 ! 3,500,000 birds affected...

"The minister of agriculture and rural development, Chief Audu Ogbeh has said over 3.5 million birds are currently infected by the  bird flu (Avian influenza) in the country"

"“The current status of the disease in the country is quite alarming, as it has now affected 26 states and the FCT with over 3.5 birds culled so far."

"The Minister further revealed that recently, a new strain of the bird flu virus(H5N8) was reported in Kano. The new strain is believed to be very pathogenic and more devastating to poultry species and therefore may add to the burdens of the strain (H5N1) that is currently circulating the country."

http://leadership.ng/news/566676/3-5m-birds-currently-affected-by-bird-flu-in-nigeria-ogbeh

5th h5n6 outbreak in china..

http://uk.reuters.com/article/us-health-birdflu-china-idUKKBN14W09U?rpc=401&

korea, india and others, but i am tired and this is enough to get the idea of what the world is facing and how close we are to a pandemic strain rising from the mix...maybe tomorrow i'll post on the mers-cov (middle eastern respiratory syndrome-coronavirus) that has heated up in saudi arabia...not bird flu but another pandemic contender...

 

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I contracted the Corona Virus - MERS on a trip to Vietnam back in March/April last year, which was not diagnosed until blood tests once I got back home.  Not a nice one at all and definitely knocks one for six.

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1 hour ago, Jessica said:

I contracted the Corona Virus - MERS on a trip to Vietnam back in March/April last year, which was not diagnosed until blood tests once I got back home.  Not a nice one at all and definitely knocks one for six.

jessica, angels were watching over you...the w.h.o. gives mers-cov a 35% case fatality rate and in saudi arabia they are posting 57.8 %!! it is a reportable disease and your dr must have reported it , if he hasn't then he should be motivated to do so. as of yet haven't read about any cases in australia or vietnam  but we know how slow agencies are at reporting the true case count. when the news is posted of a confirmed case in australia re travel to vietnam i'll pm the report to you. print it out and frame it, be a cool momento...

http://www.moh.gov.sa/en/CCC/PressReleases/Pages/statistics-2017-01-10-001.aspx

http://www.who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/

" Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Most MERS patients developed severe acute respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, cough and shortness of breath. About 3 to 4 out of every 10 patients reported with MERS have died."

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/mers/about/index.html

seriously, you were very lucky to have lived but even more so that you did not infect any loved ones or close contacts ! thinking back you could have been patient 1 in your nation and transmitted this killer disease to australia, that would've been a sad infamy ...

http://coronamap.com  

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"The number of cases of highly pathogenic H5N8 surged by nearly 75 per cent between December and January as outbreaks were confirmed in the United Kingdom and 17 other European countries."

"..  he said he saw no immediate prospect of being able to eradicate AI."

"An Avian Influenza Prevention Zone that has been in place since 6 December has been extended until 28 February. The zone requires keepers of poultry and other captive birds to continue to keep their birds indoors, or take appropriate practical steps to keep them separate from wild birds."

"They both told FarmingUK the British poultry industry was at risk due to backyard poultry keepers failing to follow safety rules."

https://www.farminguk.com/news/Big-spike-in-bird-flu-cases-raises-concerns-at-World-Organisation-for-Animal-Health_45318.html

"This is this year's fourth avian flu case reported in Yunlin, a major chicken supplier in Taiwan. Over 43,300 fowl were slaughtered in the four cases."

"The inspection authority has warned farms to strengthen quarantine and sanitation work as more migrant birds fly to Taiwan for the winter."

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-01/13/c_135977899.htm

" Macao found the first imported human case of H7N9 flu, and over 40 close contacts, the special administrative region's health authorities said Thursday night."

"Three relatives, four ambulance workers, four hospital roommates and 32 medical persons were recognized as close contacts who will receive five days' Tamiflu treatment and another 10 days' medical observation, the bureau added."

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-01/13/c_135977901.htm

http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2017/01/macao-reports-2nd-imported-h7n9-case.html

http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2017/01/a-mid-afternoon-summary-of-new-h7n9.html

450 to 500 cats are quarantined in a large warehouse queens, long island.

"A Long Island City warehouse has been transformed into a safe haven for more than 500 cats who may have been exposed to an unusual flu virus"

"city’s best chance to halt the H7N2 bird flu virus that has affected all three of its animal shelters."

"While officials said a majority of the 500-plus cats at the facility have tested positive for the virus, most have mild to moderate symptoms and are expected to recover."

"One veterinarian working with the cats at an ACC facility tested positive for the virus in December but quickly recovered. Officials said there have been no other human cases."

http://www.amny.com/news/long-island-city-warehouse-turned-into-haven-for-cats-with-flu-virus-1.12944940

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4 hours ago, hcvslayer said:

jessica, angels were watching over you...the w.h.o. gives mers-cov a 35% case fatality rate and in saudi arabia they are posting 57.8 %!! it is a reportable disease and your dr must have reported it , if he hasn't then he should be motivated to do so. as of yet haven't read about any cases in australia or vietnam  but we know how slow agencies are at reporting the true case count. when the news is posted of a confirmed case in australia re travel to vietnam i'll pm the report to you. print it out and frame it, be a cool momento...

Yes, luckily I could buy antibiotics over the counter there and the pharmacy lady also gave me some drug for reduction of mucous on the lungs, although I don't recall what it was called now.  Those kept me going until I got home and then symptoms flared up again.  I had to take another antibiotic on returning home and receiving blood test results because I had also contracted a bacterial infection resistant to amoxicillin.

I did note that when I went back to get my blood tests a few days later there was a sign on the Drs Office door warning about Corona Virus - MERS active in town so I would presume he reported it as well.  I knew I was sick and isolated myself pretty much for several weeks to make sure I didn't spread it

Oh and I think you are right about the angels getting me through it.

 

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Speaking to how slow "they" are to report things, take a gander at the timing of this story.

SUPERBUG RESISTANT TO EVERY ANTIBIOTIC AVAILABLE IN US KILLS NEVADA WOMAN

Jan. 13, 2017

"A woman in Nevada died when a superbug she picked up in India proved resistant to all 26 antibiotics available in the US, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The account of the unnamed woman’s death was made public on Friday in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Public health officials said a 70-year-old resident of Washoe County arrived in the US in August last year after an extensive visit to India. She was admitted to an acute care hospital on August 18 and isolated with a resistant bacterial infection from a wound that had spread throughout her system.
“It was tested against everything that’s available in the United States… and was not effective,” Dr Alexander Kallen, a medical officer with the CDC who first reported the discovery of the superbug, told health news site Stat.

Despite being treated with 26 different antibiotics, the woman died in September.
“I think it’s concerning. We have relied for so long on just newer and newer antibiotics. But obviously the bugs can often [develop resistance] faster than we can make new ones,” Kallen added.
The CDC reported the Nevada woman had been hospitalized multiple times in India over a right femur fracture and subsequent infection of the right femur and hip.

The authors of report said hospitals need to ask incoming patients about foreign travel and also about whether they had recently been hospitalized elsewhere.
“The isolate was sent to the CDC for testing to determine the mechanism of antimicrobial resistance…[and] confirmed the presence of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM),” said the CDC in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report released on Friday. NDM is an enzyme that makes bacteria resistant to many antibiotics.
The report stated that “isolates that are resistant to all antimicrobials are very uncommon,” and among superbug infections approximately 80 percent remained susceptible to one antibiotic.
The CDC considers antimicrobial resistance “one of the most serious health threats” currently facing the US."

 

http://www.thedailysheeple.com/superbug-resistant-to-every-antibiotic-available-in-us-kills-nevada-woman_012017

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Delhi_metallo-beta-lactamase_1     

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3 hours ago, breezy said:

The CDC considers antimicrobial resistance “one of the most serious health threats” currently facing the US."

breezy, this is heavy stuff...we know what is to come...this has a natural course and its not good for mankind. a "nightmare" bug according to the experts.

the article above mentions ndm-1 being found in this "superbug". suspiciously missing is identification of which bug. for your enlightenment it is carbapenem resistant enterobacteriaceae (cre), i have posted here about ndm-1 and also mcr-1, mcr-2. i have posted here also about the significant danger related to cre.  

"... an example of the type of "nightmare" bacteria that infectious disease experts have been warning about."

"investigators say the infection was caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), a multidrug-resistant organism associated with high mortality."

"After the CRE—identified as Klebsiella pneumoniae, one of the more common types of CRE—was confirmed by lab testing, an isolate from a wound specimen was sent to the CDC for further susceptibility testing and to determine the mechanism of resistance. That testing confirmed the presence of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM-1), an enzyme that directly breaks down carbapenems, a powerful class of antibiotics that are often used to treat multidrug-resistant infections."

"In addition, the CDC's antimicrobial testing showed the isolate was resistant to 26 different antibiotics, including all aminoglycosides and polymixins—another class of last-resort antibiotics. It was also intermittently resistant to tigecycline, an antibiotic developed specifically to overcome drug-resistant organisms. Essentially, there were no treatment options."

"CRE have been labelled by CDC director Tom Frieden, MD, MPH, as a "nightmare" bacteria not only because they are already resistant to most antibiotics, but also because they spread easily in hospital settings."

"When CRE bacteria enter the bloodstream, they can be deadly. CRE bacteria kill up to half of patients who get bloodstream infections from them."

""We don't see pan resistance at CDC very often," Kallen said. "It's very rare that we see something like this.""

" In addition, CDC testing showed the isolate did not contain the MCR-1 gene, which confers resistance to colistin and has raised public health concerns because of its ability to spread rapidly. "From a transmission standpoint, having NDM-1 is serious, but having MCR-1 ratchets it up a notch,""

""All in all, I think it was handled fairly well, but it does serve as a warning that this kind of thing can be expected to happen in the future.""

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2017/01/pan-resistant-cre-reported-nevada

 

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Yes slayer, I really do understand the gravity of this.  One of the reasons I mentioned the time frame. When it comes to this sort of thing, it's a small, small world.  

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this vid is a good view of the problems that hinder the eradication of virus in food poor countries. here nigeria's obstacles are shared. india, china , egypt etc. has same issues with compliance and monitoring for bird flu. failures of governments to pay promised compensation to bird owners in the past has made these peasant farmers and others reluctant to reporting sick or healthy birds to the authorities...

 

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bird flu spreads in taiwan...

"Taipei, Jan. 14 (CNA) A total of 15,917 chickens at a chicken farm in Yunlin County have been culled Saturday after they were confirmed as being infected with avian influenza."

"The chicken farm was the sixth in the county to be hit with bird flu in the past two weeks,..."

http://focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201701140015.aspx

spreads in japan....

" Chickens at a poultry farm in Yamagata, Gifu Prefecture, tested positive for highly pathogenic avian influenza in a preliminary test on Saturday"

"If infections are confirmed through the genetic tests, the remaining 80,000 chickens will be destroyed,..."

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/01/14/national/suspected-case-bird-flu-detected-poultry-farm-gifu/#.WHqKA7GZNrI

in croatia...

"Croatia said on Saturday it had detected H5N8 bird flu among ducks on a farm some 30 km (20 miles) southeast of the capital Zagreb."

"The Agriculture Ministry said in a statement that all the poultry on the affected farm would be culled, along with all poultry in non-intensive farming in a 3 km radius."

http://uk.reuters.com/article/us-health-birdflu-croatia-idUKKBN14Y0RC?rpc=401&

in bulgaria...

" A virulent bird flu virus has spread to 55 poultry farms in Bulgaria prompting the veterinary authorities to announce a cull of some 430,000 birds since it was first detected in the middle of December,..."

"The southern region of Plovdiv was most affected by the highly pathogenic virus H5N8, she said, pointing out that some 300,000 birds, mainly ducks, were culled and another 130,000 were to be killed on Saturday."

http://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Bulgaria-reports-virulent-bird-flu-at-over-50-farms-culling-430000-poultry-478405

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Have not checked the validity of this report.  It was interesting because in addition to coming home from Vietnam with Cor-MERS I also had a bacterial infection that was resistant to Amoxicillin and the Dr had to give me some special antibiotic recommended by the blood lab Dr's where the testing was done.   

Is this the next plague? US woman dies of infection resistant to all 26 available antibiotics

Posted By: AndiV
Date: Saturday, 14-Jan-2017 18:49:24

 

A US woman has died from an infection that was resistant to all 26 available antibiotics, health officials said this week, raising new concerns about the rise of dangerous superbugs.

The woman, who was in her 70s, died in Nevada in September, and had recently been hospitalized in India with fractured leg bones, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported.

The cause of death was sepsis, following infection from a rare bacteria known as carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), which is resistant to all antibiotics available in the United States.

The specific strain of CRE, known as Klebsiella pneumoniae, was isolated from one of her wounds in August.

Tests were negative for the mcr-1 gene—a great concern to health experts because it makes bacteria resistant to the antibiotic of last resort, colistin.

It was unclear how the woman's infection acquired resistance.

Experts said she had been treated repeatedly in India during the last two years for a femur fracture and hip problems, most recently in June 2016.

Once the bacteria was identified in Nevada, the patient was isolated to prevent the infection from spreading in the hospital.

Postmortem tests showed her infection might have responded to a treatment called fosfomycin, which is not approved in the United States.

Read more at: https://medicalxpress.com/news/2017-01-woman-dies-infection-resistant-antibiotics.html#jCp

Source http://www.rumormillnews.com/cgi-bin/forum.cgi?read=66621

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On 1/14/2017 at 0:55 PM, hcvslayer said:

in bulgaria...

" A virulent bird flu virus has spread to 55 poultry farms in Bulgaria prompting the veterinary authorities to announce a cull of some 430,000 birds since it was first detected in the middle of December,..."

"The southern region of Plovdiv was most affected by the highly pathogenic virus H5N8, she said, pointing out that some 300,000 birds, mainly ducks, were culled and another 130,000 were to be killed on Saturday."

http://www.jpost.com/Breaking-News/Bulgaria-reports-virulent-bird-flu-at-over-50-farms-culling-430000-poultry-478405

 

now bulgaria's government states 63 locations...

"The number of locations where bird flu cases have been registered has risen to 63, officials say."

http://www.novinite.com/articles/178359/Bird+Flu%3A+63+Locations+of+Infections+in+Bulgaria

and now ugandas bad news....hopefully we will know what type this is very soon. look at the ugandan minister of agriculture's words that rules out h5n8 and as of now it is a known mankiller. which 1 ?

"Uganda’s ministry for agriculture said on Sunday it had detected bird flu in two locations, one affecting wild birds and another hitting domestic birds,..."

"Uganda’s Agriculture, Industry and Fisheries Ministry said in a statement that in-country tests had identified “the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), that affects both humans and animals and which causes (a) high number of deaths in both species.”"

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/01/16/world/science-health-world/uganda-detects-bird-flu-wild-domestic-birds-deemed-dangerous-humans/#.WHv4w7GZNrI

"Uganda has reactivated the National Task Force (NTF) to coordinate the fight against avian flu that has broken out in the east African country, minister of agriculture said Sunday."

"He said bird owners must keep them indoors to avoid them interacting with wild birds and animals."

"Avian flu is a highly pathogenic disease that affects both humans and animals and causes high number of deaths in both species, according to the ministry of agriculture."

"Uganda is among the countries in sub-Saharan Africa that face a high risk of a bird flu outbreak because it is crisscrossed by several routes for migratory birds, which are carriers of the virus."

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-01/16/c_135984456.htm

we are living in perilous times...r we knot?

 

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uganda virus is h5n1 according to this video from nbs tv uganda...

here is south korean news update...

 

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On 12/30/2016 at 2:14 PM, hcvslayer said:

i have posted here beginning dec 18th to briefly chronicle this seasons uptick of bird flu that may crescendo to a pandemic status in our food animals and even to man. i wonder what we will see in short of 1 month, lets say by jan 18th what transpires in this race...

tedious as it has been with so many posts, i think i have succeeded in chronicling the wave pattern re bird flu uptick and crescendo of global activity towards pandemic status...started posting dec 18th and said we should look jan 18th ...so here we are the 19th showing that i am as always " a day late and a dollar short".

i will break this aspect into a few posts....

this post we will remember the importance of jeffie boy....the interview in may 1998 is short and worth a look at his perspective on pandemic influenzas and his interest in 1918 pandemic strain (h1n1) publishing its genetic sequencing. of great interest is we had a pandemic strain in 2009 and unless the mandala effect took place you should remember it was called h1n1 09 pandemic strain. 2016 flu vaccine is for h3n2 and 09h1n1. thanks again jeff for reinventing 1918 h1n1, the pathogen that killed more humans in a year than any other ever known to man (tic)...

""TAUBENBERGER: "There has been (and continues to be) intense media interest in our work on the 1918 influenza virus. I guess there is something about the story which really resonates well with the press and the public's interest. One element is the fascination [arising from the possibility] that genetic analyses could be performed on eighty year-old autopsy tissues. The second aspect is that here is one of the greatest medical mysteries of all time: a lethal virus spreading around the world killing tens of millions of people in a few months. The third facet of interest lies in the possibility that a new influenza pandemic, and specifically one of 1918 magnitude, could happen again.
     I have often been asked what is the likelihood of a pandemic like 1918 coming again. The answer is still unknown. What is known is that influenza pandemics occur with surprising regularity, every 20-30 years. The chance of a new pandemic emerging is 100%. The last one was in 1968, so the chance of a new pandemic occuring in the near future is pretty good.
     We still do not know yet why 1918 was so lethal, but whatever the circumstances were that came together to make the strain such a killer, it could certainly happen again. The race is to find those features [of the virus] which will help us to predict when a newly emerging strain might share [a similar pathogenicity]. The scare over the H5N1 strain in Hong Kong stresses the urgency of this concern."" 

to pique your interest here is interviewers follow up question...

"CRANE: "What was the breakthrough in the lab that allowed you to succeed in recovering 'ancient RNA' ? Could the technique be stretched to older material? For instance, the Egyptians did a wonderful job of preserving bodily remains. Any chance of seeing the remnants of RNA-virus infections there? Or is that an incredibly remote possibility?""

i'll tell you that his answer includes dolphins...ive posted years ago about the marine mammals and viruses..

http://www.ninthday.com/tauben.htm

by 2013 jeff has a number of years under his belt to be quite proficient in his knowledge of zoonotic viruses and their potential pathogenicity. but his true expertise is pandemic flu viruses. what he says 2013 re the new h7n9 virus ..his perspective in new england journal of medicine with colleagues..i will say he truly waxes poetic...

" a novel avian influenza A (H7N9) virus has emerged in China.1 Because all known pandemic and other human, mammalian, and poultry influenza A viruses have descended from wild-bird viruses, it seems logical that any avian influenza A virus that becomes pandemic must have serially acquired signature mutations known to be associated with circulation in humans. It would follow that mutations distinguishing “avian-like” from “human-like” viruses must be milestones on a fixed evolutionary pathway to potential pandemicity, including mutations affecting the hemagglutinin (HA) receptor–binding domain associated with efficient binding to human epithelial cells, polymerase mutations associated with efficient replication in human cells, and others. The fact that H7N9 isolates have some of these mutations1 has led to predictions of its evolution toward pandemicity."

"If few or none of the millions of avian influenza viruses that continually infect humans ever become pandemic, how do pandemics arise? We know that all pandemic viruses since 1918 descended from the 1918 pandemic founder virus,2,5 having been generated through periodic antigenic shifts, intrasubtypic reassortments, and continual antigenic drift.2 Unfortunately, we do not yet know the origin of the 1918 virus, and phylogenetic and sequence analyses aiming to determine its origin are controversial."

"But given influenza viruses' unpredictability, the implications of this historical behavior for H7N9's likelihood of evolving into a human pandemic virus remains unclear."

"H7N9's journey has just begun. We can only hope that the road to a pandemic is the road not taken."

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1307009?query=featured_home&

 

here is his commentary in the 2017 feb issue of emerging infectious diseases.  he talks about the wicked sisters to h5n1 that popped up  all over the world also known as the h5nx strains

"H5Nx Panzootic Bird FluInfluenza’s Newest Worldwide Evolutionary Tour "

"Influenza A viruses (IAVs) cause annual epidemics, periodic pandemics, and enzootic infections of numerous animals, including horses, dogs, pigs, seals, and whales (1). The natural reservoir for IAV is wild aquatic birds, includ- ing diverse species of Anseriformes (ducks and geese) and Charadriiformes (shorebirds and gulls), which continually transport an incredible array of genetically diverse IAVs over vast distances during migration. "

"In the past 2 decades, this H5N1 lineage has developed into multiple sublineages and has undergone multiple reassortment events leading to major alteration of internal genes but until recently has retained its original N1 subtype neur- aminidase (NA). "  (NOTE: highlight in your mind " until recently "...slayer)

"During 2013–2015, a sublineage of HPAI H5N1, referred to as clade 2.3.4.4, which had first been reported in 2008 in China, suddenly spread explosively to birds in much of the rest of the world (3,4). In doing so, this sublineage underwent genetic reassortment with various naturally occur- ring LPAI viruses and repeatedly switched out its long-stable N1 subtype for importations of several new NA subtypes, including N2, N3, N5, N6, and N8. This unprecedented series of events resulted in multiple so-called H5Nx viruses (i.e., H5 clade 2.3.4.4 viruses coupled with any NA subtype that reassorted into the preexisting complex of viral genes). During 2013–2015, H5Nx viruses spread panzootically outward from China (5). "

" However, the aggressive spread of the new HPAI H5Nx viruses in migratory birds along established flyways after breeding and molting sea- sons strongly implicates migratory wild birds in the 2 recent panzootic waves. Although genetic bases for panzootic ex- plosivity have not been demonstrated, scientists speculate that H5Nx viruses have become more transmissible than other IAVs or more stable in the environment or in wild birds over long migrations. "

"In addition to providing insight on the mechanisms by which a novel panzootic virus is emerging, the study of Guo et al. (7) reminds us of the ability of the influenza virus to surprise us with a remarkable repertoire of mul- tidirectional evolution, which presents us with newer and more complicated challenges. In the past several decades, influenza viruses have been moving about globally in new and different ways. "

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/23/2/pdfs/16-1963.pdf

next post we will look at h7n9 and the h5nx strains and their current spread in the last 30 days...

 

 

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OMG thank you slayer for compiling the over view of the Pandemic development process....it's so sobering.....

We got huge EQs that are absolutely for sure that they would happen and devastate people's lives, but also the diseases developing themselves....(´Д`)

I just went "&%=)('=!"'($=┌∩┐(ಠ_ಠ)┌∩┐ while watching the vid  (via the link below) made from the notes taken from the Cabal member teaching other doctors what were planned to come....all the plan was already out back then in 1969, and it was our luck to have the doc did the audio file of what he had written down after the "seminar"...now we can see how much of stuff became true. And so annoying that we were just rolling on their palms not knowing wth was happening to us!!(´; ω ;`) More plans would be actualised, unless we tore the plan down with our own power.

And again, so glad that you are chipping in with your research effort, slayer....we must learn to prep ourselves, do something towards "the development"....

 

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On 1/19/2017 at 7:36 PM, hcvslayer said:

next post we will look at h7n9 and the h5nx strains and their current spread in the last 30 days...

 the h5nx explosion across the world is unprecedented. europe has basically seen h5n8 and the appearance of the new h5n5 virus. neither of these have infected humans yet but always adapting...h5n6 a known man killer hit south korea and japan, continues in china and ? north korea h5nx, u.s.a. h5n2, h5n1 a known man killer in india, egypt, nigeria, uganda, bangladesh and more...

here is a 1-24-2017 german risk estimation report  focused on  h5n8 and an h5n5 mention..

"The detection of HPAIV H5N8 in 23 European countries (listed chronologically by date of report: Hungary, Poland, Croatia, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, Sweden, Finland, France, Romania, Serbia, Great Britain, Greece, Bulgaria, Montenegro, Slovak Republic, Italy, Ireland, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Spain) and the rapid distribution of the virus indicate a further highly dynamic spread of the infection. The number of cases reported from various parts of Europe increases daily;..."

" It must be concluded that there is an ongoing HPAI H5N8 epidemics among wild water bird species and that the dead birds found possibly represent no more than the tip of the iceberg."

"infected but asymptomatic wild birds as well as birds during the incubation period continue to be mobile virus carriers. Many water bird species (e.g. geese, some duck species) move between cropland where they stay during the day and waterbodies where they rest during the evening and night. They can excrete the virus with the feces and contaminate the respective surfaces and waterbodies. Furthermore, predators (mammals such as foxes and martens, but also birds of prey and crows) may break up carcasses of dead waterfowl and carry away parts of the carcasses or inner organs, thus causing a considerable contamination of the environment."

"in Germany, HPAIV H5N8 so far has been introduced into 36 poultry holdings and six zoos/animal parks. Almost all of these holdings are located in areas where increased numbers of dead water birds, in many cases infected with HPAI H5N8, have been found. In most cases, direct or indirect introduction via contaminated material (shoes, vehicles, objects) is the most likely route of infection."

"Since mid-December 2016 a further subtype, H5N5, has been circulating in wild birds, which now has first been introduced into a poultry holding. This virus is is likely to be a reassortant based on the original H5N8. Mixed viruses, so-called reassortants, of avian influenza viruses are generated, if several virus subtypes are present in one infected animal and exchange genetic material during replication"

"Due to the current spread of HPAIV H5N8 in wild birds in 23 European countries and in currently 15 affected German States the risk of introduction into domestic poultry holdings and captive bird holdings in zoological gardens through direct and indirect contacts between wild birds and domestic poultry is estimated to be high,..."

"Poultry farmers are obliged by law to observe basic biosafety rules."

https://www.fli.de/en/news/animal-disease-situation/avian-influenza-hpaiv/

germany continues culling...

"Germany completed the culling of 45,000 turkeys over the weekend and several thousand more are due to be destroyed after more cases of the contagious H5N8 strain of bird flu were identified on German farms, authorities said on Monday."

https://www.yahoo.com/news/germany-culls-48-000-turkeys-more-bird-flu-130124367--sector.html

not just h5n8 in germany but now h5n5..

" A bird flu outbreak in north Germany this week was of a new subtype called H5N5, the first time the strain has been confirmed on a German farm, the country's national animal disease centre said on Tuesday."

"The H5N5 strain has been found previously in wild birds in the Netherlands, Italy, Montenegro and Italy and Croatia, the institute said. It has also been found in wild birds in Germany this week."

http://news.abs-cbn.com/overseas/01/24/17/new-bird-flu-virus-type-confirmed-on-german-turkey-farm

http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2017/01/hpai-h5n5-detected-in-german-poultry.html

italy has confirmed h5n8 outbreak on >20,000 turkey farm...

"This is the 1st HPAI H5N8 outbreak affecting the commercial poultry sector in Italy, following the detection of the AI virus in a wild bird (Eurasian wigeon) found dead in a natural park in Gorizia, in the region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, on 11 Jan 2017"

http://www.promedmail.org/post/4787128

bangladesh h5n1 in domestic poultry and wild crows..

"In this update:
[1] HPAI H5N1, crow (Rajshahi)
[2] HPAI H5N1, poultry (Dhaka)"

http://www.promedmail.org/post/4787000

"This prompted the World Health Organization to call on all countries on Monday to monitor closely outbreaks of the deadly virus in birds and poultry and to report promptly any human cases that could signal the start of a flu pandemic."

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/outbreak-h5n1-bird-flu-poultry-farm-dhaka-170123151007246.html

...this started december...just now confirming...

The 2 Middle Eastern countries which have reported since late 2016 HPAI H5N8 epizootics, Iran and Israel, have today (23 Jan 2017) been joined by Kuwait

"Information received on 23/01/2017 from Mrs. Hanadi Ghuloom Abdul Rahman Mohammad, Deputy Director General for Animal Health, Animal Health Department, Public Authority for Agriculture Affairs & Fish Resources, Safat, Kuwait"

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=22481

iran highly concerned re h5n8...

"About two months after a bird flu outbreak hit Iran’s poultry farms, the Society of Day-Old Chicken Producers is warning that the situation might lead to a “catastrophe”, urging President Hassan Rouhani to call for emergency measures."

"H5N8, a dangerous strain of the Bird Flu virus, was first detected in seven provinces late November. It then spread to 11 other provinces, namely Markazi, Alborz, Qom, East Azarbaijan, West Azarbaijan, Kermanshah, Mazandaran, Golestan, Gilan, Lorestan and Tehran, forcing chicken farmers to cull the infected birds."

"Chicken and egg exports have come to a halt following the outbreak of the highly contagious virus. Afghanistan has been the latest neighboring country to ban the import of Iranian chicken and eggs after Iraq and Azerbaijan."

https://financialtribune.com/articles/economy-domestic-economy/57996/president-urged-to-help-prevent-bird-flu-catastrophe

 i highly recommend that you open this next link and view january in a nutshell...

http://www.poultrymed.com/Infectious-Diseases-2017

"Nearly 40 countries have reported new outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry or wild birds since November, according to the WHO."

""The rapidly expanding geographical distribution of these outbreaks and the number of virus strains currently co-circulating have put WHO on high alert,""

"The new H5N6 strain causing severe outbreaks in Asia was created by gene-swapping among four different viruses, she said."

"In China, there has been a "sudden and steep increase" in human cases of H7N9 since December and the WHO has not been able to rule out limited human-to-human spread in two clusters of human cases although no sustained spread has been detected thus far, she said."

http://www.arklatexhomepage.com/news/local-news/watch-out-for-bird-flu-who-says/644304706

http://in.reuters.com/article/health-birdflu-china-idINKBN1590A7?rpc=401&

japan has been battling h5n6 and now another outbreak...

"The local government began culling 168,400 chickens early Wednesday after some dead chickens at a poultry farm in Miyazaki Prefecture were found to have contracted a highly virulent strain of bird flu."

"Since November, the highly pathogenic H5 strain of virus has been detected at poultry farms in many areas of Japan including Niigata, Aomori, Hokkaido, Gifu and Miyazaki prefectures."

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/01/25/national/science-health/miyazaki-poultry-farm-culls-168000-chickens-amid-bird-flu-outbreak/#.WIg4T7GZNrI

u.k. culling more...

"Bird flu has been discovered in a "flock" of about 10,000 pheasants at a farm in Lancashire, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) has said."

http://news.sky.com/story/bird-flu-detected-in-10000-pheasants-at-farm-in-preston-10741784

north korea has bird flu and they need the protein. think for a second what happens to starving nations that lose food security. the panic and unrest. blame the boogey man, war follows or at least acts of great desperation...more instability in nk...

""In mid-December, there was an outbreak of diarrhea among the chickens at a farm village near Sunchon City, South Pyongan Province. After conducting a focused investigation, the Sunchon Veterinary Medical Center declared that the illness was due to AI [known informally as bird flu or avian flu] and initiated a quarantine of the Ungok Farm to prevent the virus spreading,” a source in South Pyongan Province told Daily NK on January 5."

"However, an additional source noted that chicken meat being circulated in the markets in South Pyongan Province has risen markedly, suggesting that the chicken meat allocated for the elite class is now likely being illegally distributed in the market in large quantities, rather than being destroyed."

""Although the sale of chicken has been prohibited due to the outbreak of AI, chicken meat is still being sold in the markets. The animals that have died of AI have not been destroyed," she noted."

http://www.dailynk.com/english/read.php?cataId=nk01502&num=14318

lengthy post but pertinent info imo.  peruse from dec 18th till now in this thread and you should get an informative picture on what a monstrosity we face in bird flu. the 4 visions were given to me for a reason, so i document and share till then...

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bird flu continues...

"Five nations report more, varied avian flu outbreaks"

"Countries in different parts of the world reported more avian flu outbreaks involving different strains, from a recurrence of highly pathogenic H5N1 in India to the detection of H5N5 for the first time in Slovenia."

"Elsewhere, Russian authorities reported highly pathogenic H5 outbreaks—one at a zoo and one in backyard birds—in two reports to the OIE today."

"Meanwhile, Slovenia and Romania both reported more H5N8 detections."

"In other developments, Slovenia became the latest country in Europe to report H5N5 avian flu, involving three dead swans found near the Krka River near the city of Brezice in the eastern part of the country close to its border with Croatia, according to a statement from the government translated and posted by Avian Flu Diary (AFD), an infectious disease news blog."

"The detection follows recent H5N5 outbreaks in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Croatia, and Montenegro."

"Cambodia's agriculture ministry today reported a low-pathogenic H7N3 outbreak in village birds in Kampong Thom province in the central part of the country, its first outbreak involving that strain, according to an OIE report today."

(NOTE: how can this be low pathogenic avian flu if only 300 lived out of 4000 birds? 3600 birds dead appears to be highly pathogenic. mislabeled?...slayer)

"The virus killed 3,700 of 4,000 ducks."

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2017/01/five-nations-report-more-varied-avian-flu-outbreaks

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checking in on the "race to pandemic" contenders. h7n9 is pulling ahead with its 5th wave heading towards record levels....h5n6 still in china, korea, japan and now taiwan and myanmar, remains a close contender along with h5n1 and h5n8 in the pack...h5n5 in the rear ....this site below is a worthy read to see current status...

https://afludiary.blogspot.com  

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Black lung, a potentially fatal disease that Australia eradicated decades ago, has re-emerged

FEBRUARY 10, 2017

Source:  news.com.au

Link:  http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/health/health-problems/black-lung-a-potentially-fatal-disease-that-australia-eradicated-decades-ago-has-reemerged/news-story/2fcc634d0261e88f4c6463d39f6a84aa?utm_content=SocialFlow&utm_campaign=EditorialSF&utm_source=News.com.au&utm_medium=Facebook

 

WARNING: Graphic content.

WHEN Stephen Mellor spluttered up a soggy, sticky ball of mucus, he didn’t think much of it. Not even the fact it was a deep black colour.

After all, it was just one of the side effects of working at the hot and backbreaking frontline of Australia’s mining boom. And he was hardly the only one working down the mines in Queensland’s Bowen Basin to have the same sickly affliction.

But with the benefit of hindsight, Mr Mellor now believes every coal-stained cough was the sign a chronic, possibly even deadly, disease was eating away at his lungs.

Last April, he received confirmation he had contracted the medieval-sounding illness black lung. It kills 1000 miners a year in the US, more than 6000 in China, but in Australia it has barely been heard of since the 1960s.

Last week, the first case of black lung in NSW in almost half a century was confirmed.

Snip

 

 

https://www.thoracic.org.au/advocacy/coal-workers-pneumoconiosis

 

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