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  1. The dawn of artificial intelligence May 7, 2015 Powerful computers will reshape humanity’s future. How to ensure the promise outweighs the perils "“THE development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race,” Stephen Hawking warns. Elon Musk fears that the development of artificial intelligence, or AI, may be the biggest existential threat humanity faces. Bill Gates urges people to beware of it. Dread that the abominations people create will become their masters, or their executioners, is hardly new. But voiced by a renowned cosmologist, a Silicon Valley entrepreneur and the founder of Microsoft—hardly Luddites—and set against the vast investment in AI by big firms like Google and Microsoft, such fears have taken on new weight. With supercomputers in every pocket and robots looking down on every battlefield, just dismissing them as science fiction seems like self-deception. The question is how to worry wisely. You taught me language and... The first step is to understand what computers can now do and what they are likely to be able to do in the future. Thanks to the rise in processing power and the growing abundance of digitally available data, AI is enjoying a boom in its capabilities (see article). Today’s “deep learning” systems, by mimicking the layers of neurons in a human brain and crunching vast amounts of data, can teach themselves to perform some tasks, from pattern recognition to translation, almost as well as humans can. As a result, things that once called for a mind—from interpreting pictures to playing the video game “Frogger”—are now within the scope of computer programs. DeepFace, an algorithm unveiled by Facebook in 2014, can recognise individual human faces in images 97% of the time. Crucially, this capacity is narrow and specific. Today’s AI produces the semblance of intelligence through brute number-crunching force, without any great interest in approximating how minds equip humans with autonomy, interests and desires. Computers do not yet have anything approaching the wide, fluid ability to infer, judge and decide that is associated with intelligence in the conventional human sense. snip A link to the (the article) mentioned above Rise of the Machines Artificial intelligence scares people—excessively so Seems more and more like "The Matrix" to me. Now IF there were no devious people on earth, we might have nothing to be concerned about, but we all know that is not the way it is.
  2. New Quantum Liquid Crystals May Play Role in Future of Computers April 20, 2017 Caltech Whitney Clovin These images show light patterns generated by a rhenium-based crystal using a laser method called optical second-harmonic rotational anisotropy. At left, the pattern comes from the atomic lattice of the crystal. At right, the crystal has become a 3-D quantum liquid crystal, showing a drastic departure from the pattern due to the atomic lattice alone. "Physicists at the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter at Caltech have discovered the first three-dimensional quantum liquid crystal—a new state of matter that may have applications in ultrafast quantum computers of the future. "We have detected the existence of a fundamentally new state of matter that can be regarded as a quantum analog of a liquid crystal," says Caltech assistant professor of physics David Hsieh, principal investigator on a new study describing the findings in the April 21 issue of Science. "There are numerous classes of such quantum liquid crystals that can, in principle, exist; therefore, our finding is likely the tip of an iceberg." Liquid crystals fall somewhere in between a liquid and a solid: they are made up of molecules that flow around freely as if they were a liquid but are all oriented in the same direction, as in a solid. Liquid crystals can be found in nature, such as in biological cell membranes. Alternatively, they can be made artificially—such as those found in the liquid crystal displays commonly used in watches, smartphones, televisions, and other items that have display screens. In a "quantum" liquid crystal, electrons behave like the molecules in classical liquid crystals. That is, the electrons move around freely yet have a preferred direction of flow. The first-ever quantum liquid crystal was discovered in 1999 by Caltech's Jim Eisenstein, the Frank J. Roshek Professor of Physics and Applied Physics. Eisenstein's quantum liquid crystal was two-dimensional, meaning that it was confined to a single plane inside the host material—an artificially grown gallium-arsenide-based metal. Such 2-D quantum liquid crystals have since been found in several more materials including high-temperature superconductors. These are materials that conduct electricity with zero resistance at around –150 degrees Celsius, which is warmer than operating temperatures for traditional superconductors. John Harter, a postdoctoral scholar in the Hsieh lab and lead author of the new study, explains how 2-D quantum liquid crystals behave in strange ways. "Electrons living in this flatland collectively decide to flow preferentially along the x-axis rather than the y-axis even though there's nothing to distinguish one direction from the other," he says." read more at
  3. The CHANI Knowledge Base is a Board where CHANI members are welcome to come ask questions of other CHANI members, who through education, research, employment or personal or professional experience, have gained what would be considered advanced & helpful knowledge in a particular, or multiple, fields of interest. These members have been invited, or have volunteered to assist other CHANI members by sharing the knowledge they have. Each participating member have been asked to provide a small introduction about themselves and the fields/topics they feel comfortable to take questions on. I'm honored to have these members on Chani so please keep your questions and comments respectful and civil at all times. WIldcard has a popular thread on Chani discussing Cyber Security issues: So without further ado here is Wildcard's Introduction: INTRODUCTION: I work for a Major ISP, I have been in telecommunicaitons since 1995, IT since 2005 and spcialized in cyber security since 2009. I hold the following certs Security+ CCNA -- Certified Cisco Network Analyst (not admin, common misconception) CISSP-- Cirtified Iformation Security Systems Professional CEH-- Certified Ethical HAcker (well I will after 10/25/2013) I am currently enrolled and studying for a CHFI (Certified Hacking Foresnsics Investigator) I plan on getting my ECSA (Certified Securtiy Analyst) in 2014 (look em up if you wish) I cannot per company regs list the actual systems that we use but they are all public companies and used by both private companies and Gubymint/military and honestly not hard to find out, (hint do a search for SIEM products, we use several in the top 10) plus what we have devoloped in house FYI My dept REQUIRES all of us to do 40 hrs of training per year that they pay for. So I do on average 1-2 certs and or continuing trainign per year) I am a Security Analyst, network intelligence analyst, Cyber-security Analayst depending on who ya ask My dept actually falls under the Legal Dept. umbrella since we monitor internal company systems and employees I have had extensive training and experience at thinking analyically which comes natuallly to me. (most people need to be trained to think this way (police, lawyers ect.) I speak 2 languages English and 101010(which pretty mush means I speak all languages if ya think about it) I catch hackers, nefaroius employees and compromised systems for a living, I am intimatly aware of what it takes for large scale data collection (250,000 empoyees, contractors, and vendors produce a crap ton of data per day!) I am pretty well versed in the legal aspects of using data against a person and have had to give expert testimony on crimminal and corporate cases...sometimes even for the defense!! I read multiple cyber security publications and blogs daily just to stay up to date on current and latests threats and security responses (the stuff you dont get in MSN) I'm a "skeptical" conspiracy theorist..which means I dont believe every singel crap pot theory I come across (though I do love the juicy one's that people put alot of time in and read like a Agatha Christy novel), I actually and activly SEEK proof and or corroberation even so far as going to certain location (dulce, NM most recently) I have seen a UFO or two and KNOW they exist, just not sure WHO is flying them since I have never seen a E.T pop out and ask direction or for beer! I have seeen alot strange stuff, I used to be truck driver in my 20's so I used to travel alot and went to places that are supposed to be "hot spots for various things....
  4. When it comes to the future of computing, there is one major known and a principal unknown. The known, with almost guaranteed certainty, is that the next era of computing will be wearables. The unknown, with commensurate guaranteed uncertainty, is what these wearables will be and where on your body they will live. Apple and Samsung, for example, are betting on the wrist; Google, the face. A slew of tech companies believe clothing will simply become electronic. Yet there’s a whole new segment of start-ups that believe all of the above are destined for failure and that we humans will become the actual computers, or at least the place where the technology will reside. <cut> While these wearables raise novel privacy concerns, their advocates say there are numerous benefits. Attachable computers will be less expensive to make, provide greater accuracy because sensors will be closer to a person’s body (or even inside us) and offer the most utility, as something people won’t forget to wear. MC10, a company based in Cambridge, Mass., is testing attachable computers that look like small rectangular stickers, about the size of a piece of gum, and can include wireless antennas, temperature and heart-rate sensors and a tiny battery. “Our devices are not like wearables that are used today, where people wear them for a little bit and then throw them into a drawer,” said Scott Pomerantz, the chief executive of MC10. “Ours are always on you. We have the smallest, most flexible, stretchable, wearable computer, and you can collect all sorts of biometric data tied to your motion.” MC10 recently teamed up with John A. Rogers, a professor of materials science and engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, who has been working for nearly a decade to perfect flexible devices that can be worn on the skin or implanted internally. <cut>
  5. Charles Q. Choi LiveScience October 3, 2013 This pattern is created when scientists send a laser beam through a crystal, occasionally producing a connected pair of twin photos. These photons will always be separated from each other by 180 around the circle. "Imagine that two people could get linked in such a way that they could influence each other no matter where in the universe they existed. Now scientists find they can entangle mechanical vibrations in this same way, findings that could help enable quantum computers far more powerful than normal computers. In the bizarre realm of quantum physics, the particles that make up everything can behave in strange ways. For instance, a particle can apparently exist in two or more places at once, and two or more particles can get linked so they stay in sync instantaneously no matter how far apart they are. Einstein derisively called this seemingly impossible connection "spooky action at a distance" — scientists nowadays give it the name quantum entanglement. Researchers have previously entangled particles such as atoms, electrons and photons. Now scientists have entangled mechanical vibrations within a microscopic drum." Researchers have demonstrated that a micro-drum (shown here in a colorized image with a circuit) might be used as a memory device in future quantum computers Read more here: