370 posts in this topic

Ebola lingers in semen for nine months

James Gallagher

October 14, 2015

 

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"Ebola persists in the semen of male survivors much longer than previously thought, a study shows.

The report in the New England Journal of Medicine found two-thirds of men had Ebola in their semen up to six months after infection, and a quarter after nine.

A separate study, in the same journal, reports Ebola being spread through sex with a survivor six months after their symptoms had started.

Men who have survived Ebola are being encouraged to wear condoms.

Previous outbreaks of Ebola had shown the virus was present in semen for 82 days after the onset of symptoms.

However, with huge numbers of Ebola-survivors now in West Africa, there is concern about how long the virus persists and if that poses a threat."

snip

http://www.bbc.com/news/health-34530948

 

Well now, just color me surprised!

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I read John Preston's The Hot Zone shortly after it came out.

One reason for doing so was knowing a senior  public health nursein about 1981  who had been shocked by a training course he'd been sent on.

Plans were to close off the port town, impose martial law, cordon off the city by suburbs,with a shoot to kill policy for violators of cordon lines.

I was fascinated by one little section late in the book p218

"Then, in mid-February, a Hazleton animal caretaker who will be called John Coleus was performing a necropsy on a dead monkey when he cut his thumb with a scalpel. He had been slicing apart the liver, one of the favorite nesting sites of Ebola. The scalpel blade, smeared with liver cells and blood, went deep into this thumb. He had had a major exposure to Ebola.
The liver that he had been cutting was rushed to USAMRIID for analysis. Tom Geisbert looked at a piece of it under his microscope and, to his dismay, found that it was "incredibly hot – I mean, wall to wall with virus." Everyone at the Institute thought John Coleus was going to die.
"Around her," Peter Jahrling told me, "we were frankly fearful that this guy had bought the farm." The C.D.C. decided not to put him into isolation. So Coleus visited bars and drank beer with his friends......"

http://projectavalon.net/THE_HOT_ZONE_Richard_Preston.pdf

There was another person, a lab worker, also infected.

Both went back to their normal lives after release.This was in 1987 I think

This means that Ebola, or latent Ebola as been at large in the US populace since that time.

(2mins damn)

.

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A Liberian woman contracted Ebola in March by having sex with a survivor of the viral disease, researchers report. Using studies of both people’s viral genomes and of the people’s contacts with any other possible sources of the virus, the researchers conclude that the woman’s disease represents the first known case of sexual transmission of Ebola.

https://www.sciencenews.org/blog/science-ticker/first-known-case-sexually-transmitted-ebola-reported

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UK Ebola "relapse" case takes virus specialists to uncharted waters

The case of Pauline Cafferkey, the first person known to have recovered from Ebola and then suffer an apparently life-threatening relapse, is taking scientists into uncharted territory.

The Scottish nurse's critically ill situation, described as "staggering" by one British virologist, signals just how complex and formidable a foe the Ebola virus may turn out to be now that scientists have the chance to study its survivors.

Previous studies and preliminary data from research in survivors of the vast West African outbreak have detected Ebola virus in semen, breast milk, vaginal secretions, spinal fluid and fluids around the eyes.

But scientific literature has never documented an Ebola relapse case before, meaning Cafferkey's is likely to generate great fear and anxiety for the 17,000 or so other Ebola survivors across West Africa.

"This is totally unprecedented. We've never seen this, and there's so much uncertainty," said Jeremy Farrar, a specialist in infectious diseases and director of the Wellcome Trust.

"Is this a one off? A very rare event? Or is this going to be quite common? The honest answer is we don't know."

http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/10/15/us-health-ebola-relapse-idUSKCN0S91ZN20151015

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Liberia monitors over 150 Ebola contacts as virus re-emerges

November 22, 2015

 

By James Harding Giahyue
 
 
 
"MONROVIA (Reuters) - Liberia has placed 153 people under surveillance as it seeks to control a new Ebola outbreak in the capital more than two months after the country was declared free of the virus, health officials said.
 

Three Ebola cases emerged in Liberia on Friday. The first of the new patients was a 15-year-old boy called Nathan Gbotoe from Paynesville, a suburb east of the capital Monrovia. Two other family members have since been confirmed as positive and they are all hospitalized.

 

"We have three confirmed cases and have listed 153 contacts, and we have labeled them as high, medium and low in terms of the risk," Liberia's Chief Medical Officer Dr. Francis Kateh told Reuters late on Saturday.

 

The West African country has suffered the highest death toll in the worst known Ebola outbreak in history, losing more than 4,800 people. It has twice been declared Ebola-free by the World Health Organization, once in May and again on Sept. 3, only for new cases to emerge."

snip

http://news.yahoo.com/liberia-monitors-over-150-ebola-contacts-virus-emerges-135253611.html;_ylt=AwrXoCBQ6FFWmWEAA0DQtDMD;_ylu=X3oDMTByMXM3OWtoBGNvbG8DZ3ExBHBvcwM4BHZ0aWQDBHNlYwNzcg--

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Ebola virus: New case emerges in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone officials have confirmed a death from Ebola, hours after the World Health Organization declared the latest West Africa outbreak over.

The country was declared free of the virus on 7 November, and the region as a whole was cleared when Liberia was pronounced Ebola-free on Thursday.

Tests on a person who died in northern Sierra Leone proved positive, an Ebola test centre spokesman told the BBC.

The WHO has warned, however, that more flare-ups are expected.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-35320363

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Sierra Leone Identifies More Than 100 Contacts in Ebola Case

January 18, 2016

By CLARENCE ROY-MACAULAY

 

 

 

Sierra Leone has identified more than 100 contacts of a new Ebola case that emerged in the West African nation's north last week, and 28 of those people are at high risk, officials have said.

Swabs from a 22-year-old woman who died last week tested positive for Ebola, Sierra Leone authorities said Friday. The case came a day after the World Health Organization declared the outbreak over in West Africa.

The young student was not properly buried by a burial team, the Director of Disease, Control and Prevention in the Ministry of Health and Sanitation, Dr. Foday Dafae, said Monday.

At least 28 high risk contacts have been placed under quarantine, and the remaining 109 contacts are being assessed, he said.

Three known contacts are missing, National Coordinator of Office of National Security, Ishmael Tarawallie, said over the weekend.

"We are worried and concerned about this new development," Tarawallie said Saturday of the new case, adding that the woman's death came as Sierra Leone was entering its 68th day of 90 days of heightened surveillance. "It was not unexpected that a flare-up was possible."

snip

http://abcnews.go.com/Health/wireStory/sierra-leone-identifies-100-contacts-ebola-case-36358600

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Why the world is stockpiling hundreds of thousands of doses of an unapproved vaccine

The non-profit organization Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, bought 300,000 doses of the most promising Ebola vaccine from Merck in January. But the shot hasn't been approved by any country yet.

Why would Gavi — whose members include the World Health Organization and the World Bank — stockpile something that can't be administered to patients yet, and maybe ever?

Well, they're betting the world will need the vaccine if the slow trickle of Ebola cases we're seeing today turns back into a full-fledged outbreak. And part of the $5 million agreement is that Merck will submit the vaccine for approval by 2017. If and when it's approved, Gavi would presumably purchase many more doses.

http://www.techinsider.io/gavi-stockpiling-300000-doses-ebola-vaccine-2016-2

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Fourth person dies of Ebola in latest flare up in Guinea

March 19, 2016

 

 

"CONAKRY, March 19 (Reuters) - A fourth person has died of Ebola in Guinea in the latest flare up of an epidemic that has killed more than 11,300 people in that country, Sierra Leone and Liberia since 2013 but now claims few victims.

 
"The young girl who was hospitalized at the Ebola treatment centre in Nzerekore is dead," said Fode Tass Sylla, spokesman for the centre that coordinates Guinea's fight against the virus.
 
Three others have died of the virus since Feb. 29. Health workers on Saturday also stepped up efforts to trace anyone who could have come into contact with the family.
 
The world's worst recorded Ebola epidemic is believed to have started in Guinea and killed about 2,500 people there by December last year, at which point the U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) said it was no longer actively transmitted.
 
WHO warned, however, that Ebola could resurface at any time, since it can linger in the eyes, central nervous system and bodily fluids of some survivors."
snip
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As Ebola flares up, Guinea plans to vaccinate contacts of survivors

April 2, 2016

 Saliou Samb and James Harding Giahyue

 

 

"CONAKRY/MONROVIA (Reuters) - Guinea will soon vaccinate people who have come into contact with more than 500 men who have recovered from Ebola, a senior health official said, the first time it has vaccinated the contacts of survivors.

 
The decision reflects research that indicates Ebola can remain in the bodily fluids of survivors for months. The contacts will include but will not be limited to sexual partners, said Fode Tass Sylla, the spokesman for the West African nation's centre for the fight against Ebola.
 
"We know the virus can stay in the sperm of a healed patient for a certain period of time," Sylla said. "That's why we want to vaccinate the circles of 501 men, to avoid all risk of spreading the disease."
 
The vaccinations will begin in the next few days, Sylla said. The centre also plans an awareness campaign to warn mothers who have recovered from the virus against breastfeeding their newborns, he said."
snip
 
is this a case of fighting fire with fire?
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Man tests positive with Ebola Virus July 12, 2016

July 12, 2016

 

 

"BREAKING A MAN HAS TESTED positive with Ebola Virus!!!!!!   << in New Delhi

 
this story is developing!!!
 
just yesterday a man was admitted with Ebola Symptoms at another hospital…
 
that story is on our homepage go to http://www.ebolaoutbreakmap.com/
 
An Ebola scare involving a patient at the Regina General Hospital on Sunday led to emergency cases being diverted to Pasqua Hospital for a short time.
Emergency services were affected at the hospital, which was closed down for about 40 minutes
stay here on Ebola Outbreak Map for more details."
 
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Ebola virus has lurked in a man’s semen for more than 500 days

Sept. 2, 2016

Debra MacKenzie

 

"The Ebola virus can persist in a man’s semen for much longer than we thought. A man in Guinea who survived Ebola in 2014 is now known to have carried it for at least 531 days. Earlier this year, he transmitted the virus sexually, causing it to spread to at least 10 people, and killing 8 of them.

 
Ebola virus was known to persist in the testes of survivors, but until now the longest it had been detected surviving in this way was 284 days after a man’s recovery. The latest sexual transmission of the virus recorded had been 179 days after recovery.
 
If these long-lasting cases turn out to be more than just rare occurrences, Ebola has the potential to flare up again in the region of the 2014 epidemic for much longer than epidemiologists have been predicting.
 
Guinea resurgence
 
The 2014 epidemic mainly affected Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, and by May 2016 the World Health Organization had counted more than 28,000 cases of infection, and more than 11,000 deaths.
 
By the end of 2015, the WHO had declared that all known transmission chains in Guinea had ended, but in March this year, doctors in the town of N’Zérékoré reported that there had been three deaths that looked suspiciously like Ebola.
 
N’Zérékoré is in the forested region of Guinea where the 2014 epidemic first started, and health officials feared that the virus had crossed over from bats to humans again. But when they analysed the virus, they found it was very similar to the virus seen in a man in this area back in November 2014.
 
Tracing contacts through the area, epidemiologists found that the resurgence of the virus had in fact been sparked by this same man. Following medical advice, he had abstained from sex for 8 months after recovering from Ebola, but it now seems that this is not long enough."
 
Vanishing trick
snip
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Refugee dies Ebola Virus Symptoms at United States Airport

October 6, 2016

 

 

"An 8-year-old refugee from West Africa country of Congo died at a United States airport after having Ebola Virus he had  vomiting and  explosive diarrhea Tuesday  the young boy died shortly after his flight from West Africa had landed at Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport.

David Dieme, an 8-year-old  refugee from west Africa landed Tuesday at approximately 4:30 p.m. with a refugee family from west africa at O’Hare International Airport.
Dieme was traveling with his father and several other children, who arrived to Chicago on a flight originating from West Africa via Dubai.
After clearing paperwork, the west African refugee family was escorted to their next flight, when a U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer noticed Dieme unresponsive.
Emergency Medical Services was immediately notified and arrived at the terminal. Dieme was having Ebola symptoms prior to the flight, but did not report any Ebola Virus symptoms during the flight.
The boy with Ebola symptoms was examined at the airport by CDC officials, in an isolated room. Dieme’s temperature was taken, but he had no fever. He experienced diarrhea and vomiting. It was determined he should be taken to the hospital.
Many Ebola patients never get a fever studies show that only 87.1% of those infected with Ebola Virus get fevers over 12.9% of people infected with Ebola Virus never get a fever.  Fever not a surefire sign of Ebola over 10% of people with Ebola don’t get Fevers
Ebola Outbreak Map has published this ebola information on our website if you don’t know that already you ought to read it its only Ebola Outbreak Map.  Search our website to locate that news story the media does not talk about like all the rest of the news you will find on Ebola Outbreak Map that the main stream media does not want you to know about."
 
 
A map hmmm Ebola everywhere but Africa
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Second case of Ebola confirmed in Congo after outbreak of 17 suspected infections

Shehab Khan   May 15, 2017

"World Health Organisation trying to locate 125 people believed to be linked to cases of the disease.

This follows a previous outbreak of 17 other suspected cases in the nation. 

Officials are trying to locate 125 people who are believed to be linked to cases identified in the remote northeastern province of Bas-Uele in Congo.

Three people have died so far in the 19 suspected and confirmed cases, WHO's Congo spokesman Eugene Kabambi said.

The latest outbreak comes one year after the end of the epidemic which killed more than 11,000 people across West Africa. 

A staggering 300,000 emergency doses of an Ebola vaccine, developed by Merck, could be made available in case of a large-scale outbreak, the GAVI global vaccine alliance said."

snip

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/congo-ebola-confirmed-outbreak-spread-17-world-health-organisation-a7735936.html

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With Ebola at a 'critical point' in Congo, aid groups scramble to limit the outbreak

June 2, 2018   Max Bearkat

 

"MBANDAKA, Congo - The two brothers of Adalbert Wanza made a 170-mile round trip voyage on foot, boat and motorcycle through Congo's dense rain forest to bring him, and ultimately the rest of the world, grave news.

A visitor had died while in their home village, Ikoko-Impenge. A local priest buried him with ritual honors, including giving the corpse its last food and drink. Days later, the priest and most of his family were dead, too. When he heard the story, Wanza, the Catholic bishop of Mbandaka, knew it could be Ebola, which is endemic in the forest, and contacted health officials. Lab tests would prove him right.

Over the next three weeks, the most serious outbreak of the virus since a devastating epidemic in West Africa between 2014 and 2016 spread from deep within the rain forest to bigger towns and finally to Mbandaka, a regional hub of nearly 1.2 million people at the confluence of the Congo and Ruki rivers.

As of Friday, 37 cases of Ebola had been confirmed, four of them in Mbandaka, where it can more easily spread. Twelve confirmed cases resulted in death, as have an additional 13 suspected or probable cases.

The outbreak has triggered a massive effort to contain it, led by the Congolese government and the World Health Organization, and aided by numerous aid groups. Dozens of health workers are bringing experience from the West African epidemic.

They are also bringing an abundance of caution. The WHO, aid groups and West African governments underestimated the last big outbreak, which started in Guinea in 2014. By the time resources were mobilized, Ebola was already in or on its way to the capital cities of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

A sense of foreboding hangs over conversations among these groups, even as their work appears to have stemmed the outbreak's growth for the time being. The last confirmed case in Mbandaka was reported May 22, but the horror of the past is still raw - more than 11,000 died in the West Africa epidemic, and cases spread as far as Nigeria's capital, Abuja, and Dallas in the United States."

snip

https://www.lmtonline.com/news/article/With-Ebola-at-a-critical-point-in-Congo-aid-12962486.php

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I'm going to let this post stand, just in case we hear any more about Denver/Ebola.  

Patient Isolated As Denver Health Investigates Possible Ebola Virus

July 29, 2018     Alisha McKinney

"There have been no confirmed cases of Ebola in the United States since the 2014 diagnosis of Craig Spencer.

According to the Denver Post, authorities have confirmed that Health Officials in Denver have been investigating a patient who was placed in isolation for suspected Ebola virus today. Reports so far claim that the patient is in fair condition; however, the facility is on temporary lockdown.

Health Officials, while concerned, are saying that Ebola is only being considered as a potential cause for the patient’s illness. They have also stated this as an “unlikely diagnosis.” Emergency crews, however, have been photographed by CBS wearing hazmat suits while entering the building earlier this afternoon. Still, officials are saying that they will continue to operate the hospital as usual, remarking that there is no threat to the public, including hospital staff and other patients."
snip

https://www.inquisitr.com/5007822/patient-isolated-as-denver-health-investigates-possible-ebola-virus/

UPDATE:  saying it's not Ebola, which is great news, but think I'll keep my fingers crossed.

Patient Isolated At Denver Health Tests Negative For Ebola  

July 29, 2018       

"DENVER (CBS4) – Denver Health officials announced Sunday afternoon they have a patient in isolation who they were concerned was exposed to Ebola. They say the man recently traveled to the Congo and returned to the United States a couple of days ago.

Late Sunday night, officials say the tests for Ebola came back negative.

They say the patient was in fair condition. Officials say the region where the patient visited hasn’t had an Ebola case for more than 45 days.

“The symptoms can mimic a lot of common illnesses… anything from the flu to appendicitis,” said Connie Price, an infectious diseases physician and Chief Medical Officer of Denver Health.

Emergency crews were seen in hazmat-like suits entering the building Sunday afternoon. The hospital is operating as normal, and officials say there is no threat to the public, including patients and staff."

snip

https://denver.cbslocal.com/2018/07/29/denver-health-patient-tests-negative-ebola/

Then this

Ebola mysteriously hid in a woman for more than a year before spreading

July 27, 2018       Beth Mole

"The study highlights the risk of Ebola “flare-ups” well after outbreaks declared over.

The World Health Organization on Tuesday declared the official end of the latest outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which tallied 54 cases, including 33 deaths. But a study published this week in the Lancet Infectious Diseases highlights just how tenuous such declarations can be when it comes to Ebola.

The study, led by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, traced a puzzling cluster of Ebola cases in Liberia to a mother who appeared to have had a stealthy, undiagnosed infection for more than a year. The cluster came to light when the woman’s 15-year-old son arrived at a hospital in Monrovia on November 17, 2015—more than two months after the country had been declared free of the disease in the wake of a massive outbreak that began in 2013. The woman’s husband and another of their four sons, an eight-year-old, subsequently tested positive for the virus."

snip

https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/07/ebola-outbreak-over-in-drc-but-it-can-lurk-in-survivors-new-study-shows/?D5dS2

In May WHO declared a new outbreak.

https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/05/new-ebola-outbreak-declared-in-democratic-republic-of-congo/

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WHO EXPECTS MORE EBOLA CASES IN CONGO, CAN'T REACH NO-GO AREAS

More than 500 people have been vaccinated so far against the disease in Congo’s latest outbreak, marked by a total of 78 confirmed and probable cases including 44 deaths.

http://amp.ewn.co.za/2018/08/17/who-expects-more-ebola-cases-in-congo-can-t-reach-no-go-areas

https://www.voanews.com/a/un-stepping-up-ebola-screening-of-refugees-fleeing-dr-congo/4525009.html

https://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/world-news/722708/ebola-outbreak-africa-uganda-congo-warning-death-toll-vaccine-borders-threat-alert-symptom

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Ebola outbreak now at 105 cases, and bordering countries are on alert

August 24, 2018             Lena Sun   Lenny Bernstein

 

"MPONDWE, Uganda - On Tuesdays and Fridays, an estimated 19,000 people stream down the hill from Congo's North Kivu province to cross the border into this small town, many of them headed to a sprawling open-air market.

In recent weeks, crossing the border has become more difficult as Ugandan health authorities have beefed up precautions against the spread of the Ebola virus. An outbreak centered in North Kivu is responsible for 105 confirmed or suspected cases, including 67 deaths, according to Robert Redfield, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who has just returned from the area.

Uganda is determined to keep the deadly hemorrhagic fever from spreading to its side of the border. Before travelers are allowed through, they must step in small tubs of chlorinated water to disinfect their shoes, and their temperatures are taken with no-touch thermometer guns aimed at their temples.

Uganda moved quickly, imposing the precautions a week after the latest outbreak was declared Aug. 1. It has found six suspected cases at this crossing, but laboratory tests cleared them all."

snip

https://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Ebola-outbreak-now-at-105-cases-and-bordering-13181274.php

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DRC: More confirmed Ebola cases in Beni, Mabalako

Stephanie Soucheray            Sept. 4, 2018

"The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) continued over the weekend, with officials reporting 5 more confirmed or suspected cases, bringing the total to 121—91 confirmed and 30 probable.

As of yesterday, 81 people have died since the outbreak began at the start of August; 51 of those deaths occurred in confirmed cases. Fourteen suspected cases are under investigation, officials said.

New data from the DRC released Sep 2 showed there have been more Ebola cases in women during this outbreak, and the most affected age-group among women is 25 to 34. Men ages 35 to 44 are most likely to have been infected.

School begins as teachers voice concern
Children in the DRC started school yesterday in Beni and Mangina, the epicenters of the outbreak where the new cases have occurred, officials said."
snip

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2018/09/drc-more-confirmed-ebola-cases-beni-mabalako

http://www.foxnews.com/health/2018/09/07/deadly-ebola-outbreak-in-eastern-congo-reaches-city-1-4-million.html

 

 

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'Things could get a lot worse': Congo sees 33 new Ebola cases

Oct. 11, 2018 

 

"LONDON -- The rate of new Ebola cases has more than doubled since September after rebel violence in northeastern Congo caused response efforts to be briefly suspended, health officials said Thursday.

In a statement, the International Rescue Committee said it was "alarmed" that there were 33 new cases between Oct. 1 and Tuesday, versus 41 cases during all of September.

Most of the new cases have been in Beni, where experts had to suspend Ebola containment efforts for days after a deadly rebel attack. With multiple armed groups active in the region, health officials have said they are effectively operating in a war zone.

"This is a sign not only that the outbreak is not under control, but that without full engagement from the community things could get a lot worse," said Dr. Michelle Gayer, the IRC's senior director of emergency health.

Earlier this week, the World Health Organization noted that all of the health workers who have caught Ebola in this epidemic -- 19 so far -- have been infected outside of hospitals or clinics, meaning that the virus is spreading in the community."      

snip

https://www.ctvnews.ca/health/things-could-get-a-lot-worse-congo-sees-33-new-ebola-cases-1.4129494

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